publication . Book

Impact of nutrition and fish supplementation on the response to anti retroviral therapy, Zambia: a literature review

Banda-Nyirenda, D.; Hâ ¿sken, S.M.C.; Kaunda, W.;
Open Access
  • Publisher: The WorldFish Center,
Abstract
This work is part of the Regional Programme Fisheries and HIV/AIDS in Africa: Investing in Sustainable Solutions, implemented by the WorldFish Center and funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The research study analyses the effects of a fish supplemented diet on HIV/AIDS patients™ response to Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART). This literature review forms the background and basis for the clinical research to be undertaken in selected The Kenneth Kaunda Children of Africa Foundation (KKCAF) centers in Zambia.
Subjects
free text keywords: Fisheries, AIDS, Public health, HIV, Nutritive value, jel:Q00
91 references, page 1 of 7

2 Nutrition and food security in the context of HIV/AIDS ........................................................4 2.1. Food insecurity and HIV/AIDS at household level ..............................................................5 2.2. Nutritional status of women in the context of HIV/AIDS ....................................................5 2.3. Food consumption and HIV/AIDS........................................................................................6 2.4. Fish consumption in target communities ..............................................................................7

3 Nutrition policy and interventions ............................................................................................8 3.1. Nutrition policy and guidelines in Zambia............................................................................8 3.2. Nutrition intervention studies................................................................................................9

4 Impact of nutrition on HIV/AIDS progression ........................................................................9 4.1. Malnutrition and HIV/AIDS .................................................................................................9 4.2. Macronutrients in HIV infection .........................................................................................10 4.3. Micronutrients in HIV infection .........................................................................................11 4.4. The vicious cycle of HIV/AIDS progression ......................................................................12 4.5. Weight loss and nutritional risk factors in People Living with HIV...................................13

5 The importance of fish as nutrient source ..............................................................................14 5.1. Nutrient composition of fish ...............................................................................................14 5.2. Nutritional benefits of fish nutrients ...................................................................................14 5.2.1. Omega-3 fatty acids......................................................................................................14 5.2.2. Fish Proteins and minerals............................................................................................15 5.3. Fish as a source of nutrients for People Living with HIV...................................................16

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