publication . Preprint . 2007

How to make agricultural extension demand-driven?: The case of India's agricultural extension policy

Birner, Regina; Anderson, Jock R.;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2007
Abstract
"Many countries have recognized the need to revive agricultural advisory or extension services (the terms are used interchangeably here) as a means of using agriculture as an engine of pro-poor growth; reaching marginalized, poor, and female farmers; and addressing new challenges, such as environmental degradation and climate change. In spite of ample experience with extension reform worldwide, identifying the reform options most likely to make extension more demand-driven remains a major challenge. The concept of demand-driven services implies making extension more responsive to the needs of all farmers, including women and those who are poor and marginalized. ...
Subjects
free text keywords: Demand-driven agricultural advisory services, Extension reform, Agricultural extension work, Agricultural policy, Pro-poor growth, Farmers, Environmental degradation, Climate change, Public-private sector cooperation, Non-governmental organizations,
17 references, page 1 of 2

2. Concept of Demand-Driven Services .........................................................................................4

3. Agricultural Extension in India: Insights from the 2003 Situation Assessment Survey of Farmers ......................................................................................................................................6

4. Approaches to Making Agricultural Extension Demand-Driven .............................................11

1. Options for providing and financing agricultural advisory services........................................... 5

2. Percentage of farmer households reporting good quality information on modern agricultural technology provided by various sources..................................................................................... 8

3. Distribution of farmer households suggesting improvements in information provided by various sources............................................................................................................................ 9

4. Percentage of farmer households trying and/or adopting recommended practices in modern agricultural technology .................................................................................................. 9

5. Membership of farmer-based organizations ............................................................................. 10

1. Percentage of farmer households accessing information on modern agricultural technology through various sources .............................................................................................................. 7

2. Farmer households' satisfaction with the quality of information from various information sources......................................................................................................................................... 8

3. Structure of the Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) ............................. 19 1 D. Umali-Deininger, personal communication, June 2007. Since agriculture is the responsibility of the states in India's

happened (R.V. Sulaiman, personal communication, July 2007).

Anderson, J.R. 2007 (November 15). Agricultural advisory services. Background paper for World Development Report 2008, Agriculture for Development. Washington, D.C.: World Bank. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDR2008/Resources/2795087- 1191427986785/Anderson_AdvisoryServices.pdf

Anderson, J.R., and G. Feder. 2004. Agricultural extension: Good intentions and hard realities. World Bank Research Observer 19(1): 41-60.

Anderson, J.R., and G. Feder. 2007. Agricultural extension. In Agricultural development: Farmers, farm production and farm markets, vol. 3 of Handbook of agricultural economics, eds. R.E. Evenson and P. Pingali, 2343- 2378. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

17 references, page 1 of 2
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