publication . Article . 2008

Convergence in Food Demand and Delivery: Do Middle-Income Countries Follow High-Income Trends?

Regmi, Anita; Takeshima, Hiroyuki; Unnevehr, Laurian J.;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2008
This study uses food expenditures and food-sales data from 1990 to 2004 to examine whether food-consumption patterns and food-delivery-mechanism trends are converging across 47 high- and middle-income countries. Results point to a high degree of convergence in global food systems. Middle-income countries appear to be following trends in high-income countries. Convergence is apparent in most important food-expenditure categories and in indicators of food-system modernization such as supermarket and fast food sales.
Medical Subject Headings: digestive, oral, and skin physiology
free text keywords: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety,
Related Organizations

Barro, R. J. and X. Sala-i-Martin. 1992. “Convergence.” Journal of Political Economy 100(2): 223-251.

Blandford, D. 1984. “Changes in Food Consumption Patterns in the OECD Area.” European Review of Agricultural Economics 11(1):43-65. [OpenAIRE]

Cotterill, R. 1997. “The Food Distribution System of the Future: Convergence Towards the US or the UK Model?” Agribusiness 13(2):123-135.

Coyle, W. 2006. “A Revolution in Food Retailing Underway in the Asia-Pacific Region,” Amber Waves 3(4): 22-29. [OpenAIRE]

Gil, J. M., A. Gracia, and L. Pérez y Pérez. 1995. “Food Consumption and Economic Development in the European Union.” European Review of Agricultural Economics 22(3):385-399.

Herrmann, R. and C. Röder. 1995. “Does Food Consumption Converge Internationally? Measurement, Empirical Tests and Determinants.” European Review of Agricultural Economics 22(3):400-414.

Popkin, B. 2006. “Global Nutrition Dynamics: the World is Shifting Rapidly toward a Diet Linked to Noncommunicable Diseases.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 84:289-298. [OpenAIRE]

Reardon, T. and P. Timmer. 2007. “Transformation of Markets for Agricultural Output in Developing Countries since 1950s: How has Thinking Changed?” In Evenson and Pingali eds., Handbook of Agricultural Economics 3:2807-2855.

Reardon, T., S. Henson, and J. Berdegué. 2007. “Proactive Fast-Tracking Diffusion of Supermarkets in Developing Countries: Implications for Market Institutions and Trade.” Journal of Economic Geography 7(4):399-431.

Regmi, A. and M. Gehlhar. 2005. New Directions in Global Food Markets. AIB-794, ERS-USDA. [OpenAIRE]

Regmi, A., H. Takeshima, L. and Unnevehr. 2008. “Convergence in Global Food Demand and Delivery.” USDA Economic Research Service, Economic Research Report No. ERR-56. [OpenAIRE]

Regmi, A. and L. Unnevehr. 2006. “Are Diets Converging Globally? A Comparison of Trends across Selected Countries.” Journal of Food Distribution Research 37(1):14-21. [OpenAIRE]

Regmi, A. and L. Unnevehr. 2005. “Convergence or Divergence in Food Demand: A Comparison of Trends in the EU and North America.” Paper presented at the 11th Congress of the EAAE, The Future of Rural Europe in the Global Agri-Food System. Copenhagen. August 24-27. [OpenAIRE]

World Bank. 2006. World Development Indicators.

Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue