publication . Preprint . Article . 2010

Economic booms and risky sexual behavior: evidence from Zambian copper mining cities.

Nicholas Wilson;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Oct 2010
Abstract
Existing studies suggest that individual and household level economic shocks affect the demand for and supply of risky sex. However, little evidence exists on the effects of an aggregate shock on equilibrium risky sexual behavior. This paper examines the effects of the early twenty-first century copper boom on risky sexual behavior in Zambian copper mining cities. The results indicate that the copper boom substantially reduced rates of transactional sex and multiple partnerships in copper mining cities. These effects were partly concentrated among young adults and copper boom induced in-migration to mining cities appears to have contributed to these reductions.
Subjects
free text keywords: commodity shocks, copper mining, economic growth, HIV/AIDS, Zambia, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, Health Policy, jel:I18, jel:J10, jel:O12, jel:O40, Copper mining, Economic growth, Demographic economics, Transactional sex, Risky sexual behavior, Economics, Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), medicine.disease, medicine, Boom
Related Organizations

Beny, Laura and Lisa Cook. 2009. Metals or management? Explaining Africa's recent economic growth performance. American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, 99(2): 268-274.

Bertrand, Marianne, Esther Du o, and Sendhil Mullainathan. 2004. How much should we trust di erence-in-di erences estimates? Quarterly Journal of Economics, 119(1): 249-275. [OpenAIRE]

Bleakley, Hoyt. 2007. Disease and development: Evidence from hookworm eradication in the American South. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 122(1): 73-117. [OpenAIRE]

Central Statistics O ce. 2005 Labor Force Survey. Government of Zambia.

Dehejia, Rajeev and Adriana Lleras-Muney. 2004. Booms, busts, and babies' health. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1091-1130.

Dinkelman, Taryn, David Lam, and Murray Leibbrandt. 2007. Household and community income, economic shocks and risky sexual behavior of young adults: Evidence from the Cape Area Panel Study 2002 and 2005. AIDS, 21(supplement 7): S49-S56.

Dupas, Pascaline and Jonathan Robinson. 2011. The (hidden) costs of political instability: Evidence from Kenya's 2007 election crisis. University of California, Santa Cruz working paper.

Edlund, Lena and Evelyn Korn. 2002. A theory of prostitution. Journal of Political Economy, 110(1): 181-214.

Fenton, Lynda. 2004. Preventing HIV/AIDS through poverty reduction: The only sustainable solution. Lancet, 364: 1186-87.

Fortson, Jane. 2009. HIV/AIDS and fertility. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 1(3): 170-194.

Fortson, Jane. 2010. Mortality risk and human capital investment: The impact of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. Review of Economics and Statistics, forthcoming.

In-migrant * CU output, 0-10km

Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue