publication . Preprint . Other literature type . Article . 2016

Temperature Changes, Household Consumption, and Internal Migration: Evidence from Tanzania

Kalle Hirvonen;
Open Access
  • Published: 13 Jun 2016
Large rural-urban wage gaps observed in many developing countries are suggestive of barriers to migration that keep potential migrants in the rural areas. Using long panel data spanning nearly two decades, I study the extent to which migration rates are constrained by liquidity constraints in rural Tanzania. The analysis begins by quantifying the impact of weather variation on household welfare. The results show how household consumption co-moves with temperature rendering households vulnerable to local weather events. These temperature induced income shocks are then found to inhibit long-term migration among men, and thus preventing them from tapping into the o...
free text keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous), Economics and Econometrics, Rural area, Tanzania, biology.organism_classification, biology, Developing country, Wage, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Welfare, Panel data, Internal migration, Labour economics, Economics, Geographical Mobility
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