publication . Article . Other literature type . 2010

The Effect of Fast-Food Availability on Obesity: An Analysis by Gender, Race, and Residential Location

Richard A. Dunn;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jul 2010 Journal: American Journal of Agricultural Economics, volume 92, issue 4, pages 1,149-1,164
Abstract
This paper employs an identification strategy based on county-level variation in the number of fast-food restaurants to investigate the effect of fast-food availability on weight outcomes by geographic location, gender, and race/ethnicity. The number of interstate exits in the county of residence is employed as an instrument for restaurant location. Using the 2004--2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and self-collected data on the number of fast-food restaurants, I find that availability does not affect weight outcomes in rural counties, but does tend to increase body mass index among females and non-Whites in medium-density counties. These results a...
Subjects
free text keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous), Economics and Econometrics, Location, Ethnic group, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Advertising, Demography, Rural area, Agricultural economics, Body mass index, Location theory, Economics, Instrumental variable, Residence
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