publication . Article . Other literature type . 2009

Technology, International Trade, and Pollution from US Manufacturing

Arik Levinson;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2009 Journal: American Economic Review, volume 99, pages 2,177-2,192 (issn: 0002-8282, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: American Economic Association
Abstract
<jats:p> Pollution emitted by US manufacturers declined markedly over the past several decades, even as real manufacturing output increased. I first show that most of the decline in US manufacturing pollution has resulted from changing production processes (“technology”), rather than changes in the mix of goods produced. I then show that increased net imports of polluting goods (“international trade”) accounts for only a small portion of the pollution reductions from the changing mix of goods. Together, these two findings demonstrate that shifting polluting industries overseas explains only a minor part—less than 10 percent—of the cleanup of US manufacturing. (J...
Subjects
free text keywords: Economics and Econometrics, jel:F18, jel:L23, jel:L60, jel:O30, jel:Q52, jel:Q53
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