Demographic and Socio-economic Determinants of Smoking Behavior: Evidence from Vietnam
Cuong Viet Nguyen
Smoking, determinants of smoking, household surveys, Vietnam, Asia.
Smoking is a leading cause for diseases and death. Information on factors affecting the smoking status is useful for policies on smoking reduction, especially in developing countries. This paper examines to what extent individuals' characteristics are correlated with the smoking status using a household survey in Vietnam. It is found that gender and age are the most crucial determinants of smoking. Middle-aged men is the main users of tobacco. Other important factors associated with the decision on smoking are education and employment. People with low education are more likely to smoke. Working people have a higher probability of smoking than non-working people. Marital status also matters to the smoking status. Being widowed increases the probability of smoking and reduces the probability of smoking cessation.