Does Contract Farming Improve Smallholder Farmers Income? The Case of Avocado Farming in Kenya

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Mwambi, Mercy; Oduol, Judith; Mshenga, Patience M.; Mwanarusi, Saidi;
  • Subject: Contract farming, Smallholder, Household income, Avocado, Impact, Sub-Saharan Africa, Agribusiness, Farm Management,

Contract farming is seen by its proponents as a tool for creating new market opportunities as well as for providing credit and training, leading to increased incomes of smallholder farmers. Critics, however, argue that contract farming encourages unequal bargaining rela... View more
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