publication . Preprint . 2004

The Rise of New Urban Middle Classes in Southeast Asia: What is its national and regional significance?

Takashi Shiraishi;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Feb 2004
Middle classes in East Asia are a product of regional economic development which has taken place in waves under an American informal empire, over half a century, first in Japan, then in NIEs, then in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines and now in China. They are a product of developmental states and their politics of economic growth. Their life styles have been shaped in complex ways by their appropriation of things American, Japanese, Chinese, Islamic, and others. Though created in one generation, they nationally occupy different social, political and cultural positions: Thai middle classes are coherent socially, hegemonic culturally and intellect...

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