publication . Article . 2015

Hysteresis of targeting civilians in armed conflicts

Uih Ran Lee;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2015 Journal: Economics of Peace and Security Journal, volume 10, issue 2 October, pages 31-40
Abstract
<jats:p>This article explores warring groups’ intentional targeting behavior against civilians, a strictly prohibited war strategy by international norms. Using dynamic panel regressions run on a comprehensive dataset of contemporary warfare, which covers 22 years (1989-2010), I find that warring actors involved in prolonged armed (15-22 years) conflict target civilians more often than those involved in shorter-duration warfare. Also, for warring groups engaged in prolonged armed conflict, lethal behavior against civilians tends to be intensified if targeting is repeated over time, although this hysteresis effect appears to persist only for one year. It is hypot...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Civilian targeting, prolonged armed conflict, civilian targeting index (CTI), hysteresis, jel:F51, Combatant, Political economy, Political science, Sovereign state, Law, Military strategy, Armed conflict
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