Economic implications of ASEAN integration for Malaysia's labour market

Preprint OPEN
Rasiah, Rajah;
(2014)
  • Subject: labour market, economic implication, economic integration, regional cooperation, interindustry shift, Malaysia, ASEAN countries, marché du travail, conséquences économiques, intégration économique, coopération régionale, mutation interindustrielle, Malaisie, pays de l'ANASE, mercado de trabajo, consecuencias económicas, integración económica, cooperación regional, desplazamiento industrial, Malasia, países del ASEAN

This paper examines the implications of the formation of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic Community (AEC) in 2015 on Malaysia’s labour market. The discussion centres on the nature of the structural change that Malaysia has experienced, especia... View more
  • References (27)
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    2. Malaysia's integration into ASEAN……………………………………………………………................3 2.1 Trade liberalization…………………………………………………………………………..……….3 2.2 Finance and banking…………………………………………………………………………………. 4 2.3 Investment coordination……………………………………………………………………...……….4 2.4 Coordination of primary sectors……………………………………………………………................5 2.5 Transportation and communications………………………………………………………………….5 2.6 Services……………………………………………………………………………………………….5 2.7 Intellectual property rights…………………………………………………………………...……….6 2.8 Private sector programmes…………………………………………………………………...……….6

    3. Theoretical considerations………………………………………………………………………...............7

    4. Structural change: Industrialization and deindustrialization……………………………………...……...10

    5. Impact on the labour market……………………………………………………………………..............17 5.1 Employment…………………………………………………………………………………………17 5.2 Labour force participation rates……………………………………………………………………..18 5.3 Labour productivity…………………………………………………………………………..……...19 5.4 Real wages…………………………………………………………………………………...............21 5.5 Gender segregation and discrimination……………………………………………………………...22 5.6 Foreign labour………………………………………………………………………………..……...25 5.7 Unemployment and inflation………………………………………………………………... ……...28

    6. Conclusions and implications……………………………………………………………………............30

    1. Sector GDP growth, Malaysia, 1990-2010……………………………………………………………...11

    2. Structure of GDP, Malaysia, 1970-2010 (%)…………………………………………………….……..11

    3. Sector employment structure, Malaysia, 1970-2010 (%)………………………………………...……..12

    4. Sector export structure, Malaysia, 1970-2010 (%)……………………………………………….……..12

    5. Foreign equity ownership, manufacturing, Malaysia, 1968-2010 (%)…………………………...……..13

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