Different but Equal: Total Work, Gender and Social Norms in EU and US Time Use

Preprint OPEN
Daniel S. Hamermesh; Michael C Burda; Philippe Weil;
  • Subject: time use; gender differences; household production; paid work

Using time-diary data from 27 countries, we demonstrate a negative relationship between real GDP per capita and the female-male difference in total work time—the sum of work for pay and work at home. We also show that in rich non-Catholic countries on four continents me... View more
  • References (30)
    30 references, page 1 of 3

    7For a survey of social norms and economic theory, see Elster (1989). Social norms have been studied, among others, by Akerlof (1980), Jones (1984), Cole et al. (1992), Kandori (1992), Young (1996), Lindbeck (1997), and Lindbeck et al.

    8In this simple story, total conformity only occurs if the desire to conform is infinitely strong. The literature on conformity (Bernheim, 1994) has sought ways to obtain identical behavior without assuming an infinite cost of deviation.

    Jean Fourastié, Le Grand Espoir du XXe Siècle; Progrès Technique, Progrès Économique, Progrès Social. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1949.

    Richard Freeman and Ronald Schettkat, “Marketization of Household Production and the EU-US Gap in Work,” Economic Policy, 20 (2005): 6-50.

    Jonathan Gershuny, Changing Times: Work and Leisure in Postindustrial Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

    Claudia Goldin, “The U-Shaped Female Labor Force Participation Function in Economic Development and Economic History,” in T. Paul Schultz, ed., Investment in Women's Human Capital and Economic Development. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995, pp. 61-90.

    Luisella Goldschmidt-Clermont and Elisabetta Pagnossin-Aligisakis, “Measures of Unrecorded Economic Activities in Fourteen Countries,” in Occasional Paper # 20. New York: UN Development Report Office, 1995.

    Jeremy Greenwood, Richard Rogerson and Randall Wright, “Household Production in Real Business Cycle Theory,” in Thomas Cooley, ed., Frontiers of Business Cycle Research. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995, pp. 157-174.

    Jeremy Greenwod, Ananth Seshadri and Mehmet Yorukoglu, “Engines of Liberation,” Review of Ecnomic Studies, 72 (January 2005): 109-133.

    Reuben Gronau, “Home Production: A Forgotten Industry,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 62 (August 1980): 408-416.

  • Similar Research Results (20)
  • Metrics
Share - Bookmark