publication . Preprint . 2014

Can early intervention policies improve wellbeing? Evidence from a randomized controlled trial

Michael Daly; Liam Delaney; Orla Doyle; Nick Fitzpatrick; Christine O'Farrelly;
Open Access
  • Published: 23 Oct 2014
Abstract
Many authors have proposed incorporating measures of well-being into evaluations of public policy. Yet few evaluations use experimental design or examine multiple aspects of well-being, thus the causal impact of public policies on well-being is largely unknown. In this paper we examine the effect of an intensive early intervention program on maternal well-being in a targeted disadvantaged community. Using a randomized controlled trial design we estimate and compare treatment effects on global well-being using measures of life satisfaction, experienced well-being using both the Day Reconstruction Method (DRM) and a measure of mood yesterday, and also a standardiz...
Subjects
free text keywords: Wellbeing, Randomised Controlled Trial, Early Intervention, jel:I00, jel:I39
16 references, page 1 of 2

3. Experimental Treatment and Econometric Design 3.1 Experimental Set-up Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention group receiving the Preparing for Life (PFL) HVP (PFL & The Northside Partnership, 2008) and the Triple P Positive Parenting Program (Sanders et al., 2003), or a control group. The treatment aims to 1 For example, Dockray et al (2010) observed between-persons correlations between experience sampling and DRM measures ranging from 0.58 to 0.90.

Henquet, C. van Os, J., Kuepper, R., Delespaul, P., Smits, M., Campo, J.A., Myin-Germeys, I., 2010. Psychosis reactivity to cannabis use in daily life: an experience sampling study. [OpenAIRE]

British Journal of Psychiatry 196 (6), 447-453. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.109.072249.

Howard KS, Brooks-Gunn J., 2009. The role of home-visiting programs in preventing child abuse and neglect. Future Child 19 (2), 119-46.

Hoffenaar, P. J., van Balen, F. Hermanns, J., 2010. The impact of having a baby on the level and content of women's well-being. Social Indicators Research 97 (2), 279-295. [OpenAIRE]

doi: 10.1007/s11205-009-9503-0 Kahneman, D., Krueger, A.B., 2006. Developments in the measurement of subjective well-being. The Journal of Economic Perspectives 20 (1), 3-24. doi: 10.1257/089533006776526030. [OpenAIRE]

Kahneman, D., Krueger, A.B., Schkade, D.A., Schwarz, N, Stone, A.A., 2004. A survey method for characterizing daily life experience: The Day Reconstruction Method. [OpenAIRE]

Science 306 (5702), 1776-1780. doi: 10.1126/science.1103572 Kahneman, D., Riis, J., 2005. Living and thinking about it: two perspectives on life. In: Felicia A, Huppert N. Baylis, Keverne B. (Eds). The science of well-being. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 285-304. [OpenAIRE]

Kaplan, G. A., Robert, R., Camacho, T., Coyne, J. C., 1987. Psychosocial predictors of depression: Prospective evidence from the human population laboratory studies.

American Journal of Epidemiology, 125 (2), 206-220.

Kim, J., Kikuchi, H., Yamamoto, Y., 2013. Systematic comparison between ecological momentary assessment and day reconstruction method for fatigue and mood states in healthy adults. British Journal of Health Psychology 18, 155-167. doi: 10.1111/bjhp.12000.

Kitzman, H., Olds, D.L., Henderson, C.R., Hanks, C., Cole, R., Tatelbaum, R.,...Barnard, K., 1997. Effect of prenatal and infancy home visitation by nurses on pregnancy outcomes, Knabe, A., Rätzel, S., 2011. Scarring or scaring? The psychological impact of past unemployment risk. Economica 78 (310), 283-293. doi: 10.1111/j.1468- 0335.2009.00816.x Knabe, A., Rätzel, S., Schöb R., Weimann, J. 2010. Dissatisfied with life but having a good day: Time-use and well-being of the unemployed. The Economic Journal 120 (547), 867- 889. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0297.2009.02347. [OpenAIRE]

Koniak-Griffin, D., Anderson, N. L., Brecht, M.-L., Verzemniekes, I., Lesser, J., Kim, S. 2002.

Public health nursing care for adolescent mothers: Impact on infant health and selected maternal outcomes and 1 year postbirth. Journal of Adolescent Health 30 (1), 44-54.

Olds, D. L. 2006. The Nurse-Family Partnership: An evidence based prevention intervention. Infant Mental Health Journal 27 (1), 5-25. doi: 10.1002/imhj.20077 Peeters, F., Berkhof, J., Delespaul, P., Rottenberg, J., Nicolson, N.A., 2006. Diurnal mood variation in major depressive disorder. Emotion 6 (3), 383-391. doi: 10.1037/1528- 3542.6.3.383 Pocock, S.J., Hughes, M.D., Lee, R.J. (1987). Statistical problems in the reporting of clinical trials. New England Journal of Medicine, 317 (7), 426-432.

16 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
Many authors have proposed incorporating measures of well-being into evaluations of public policy. Yet few evaluations use experimental design or examine multiple aspects of well-being, thus the causal impact of public policies on well-being is largely unknown. In this paper we examine the effect of an intensive early intervention program on maternal well-being in a targeted disadvantaged community. Using a randomized controlled trial design we estimate and compare treatment effects on global well-being using measures of life satisfaction, experienced well-being using both the Day Reconstruction Method (DRM) and a measure of mood yesterday, and also a standardiz...
Subjects
free text keywords: Wellbeing, Randomised Controlled Trial, Early Intervention, jel:I00, jel:I39
16 references, page 1 of 2

3. Experimental Treatment and Econometric Design 3.1 Experimental Set-up Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention group receiving the Preparing for Life (PFL) HVP (PFL & The Northside Partnership, 2008) and the Triple P Positive Parenting Program (Sanders et al., 2003), or a control group. The treatment aims to 1 For example, Dockray et al (2010) observed between-persons correlations between experience sampling and DRM measures ranging from 0.58 to 0.90.

Henquet, C. van Os, J., Kuepper, R., Delespaul, P., Smits, M., Campo, J.A., Myin-Germeys, I., 2010. Psychosis reactivity to cannabis use in daily life: an experience sampling study. [OpenAIRE]

British Journal of Psychiatry 196 (6), 447-453. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.109.072249.

Howard KS, Brooks-Gunn J., 2009. The role of home-visiting programs in preventing child abuse and neglect. Future Child 19 (2), 119-46.

Hoffenaar, P. J., van Balen, F. Hermanns, J., 2010. The impact of having a baby on the level and content of women's well-being. Social Indicators Research 97 (2), 279-295. [OpenAIRE]

doi: 10.1007/s11205-009-9503-0 Kahneman, D., Krueger, A.B., 2006. Developments in the measurement of subjective well-being. The Journal of Economic Perspectives 20 (1), 3-24. doi: 10.1257/089533006776526030. [OpenAIRE]

Kahneman, D., Krueger, A.B., Schkade, D.A., Schwarz, N, Stone, A.A., 2004. A survey method for characterizing daily life experience: The Day Reconstruction Method. [OpenAIRE]

Science 306 (5702), 1776-1780. doi: 10.1126/science.1103572 Kahneman, D., Riis, J., 2005. Living and thinking about it: two perspectives on life. In: Felicia A, Huppert N. Baylis, Keverne B. (Eds). The science of well-being. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 285-304. [OpenAIRE]

Kaplan, G. A., Robert, R., Camacho, T., Coyne, J. C., 1987. Psychosocial predictors of depression: Prospective evidence from the human population laboratory studies.

American Journal of Epidemiology, 125 (2), 206-220.

Kim, J., Kikuchi, H., Yamamoto, Y., 2013. Systematic comparison between ecological momentary assessment and day reconstruction method for fatigue and mood states in healthy adults. British Journal of Health Psychology 18, 155-167. doi: 10.1111/bjhp.12000.

Kitzman, H., Olds, D.L., Henderson, C.R., Hanks, C., Cole, R., Tatelbaum, R.,...Barnard, K., 1997. Effect of prenatal and infancy home visitation by nurses on pregnancy outcomes, Knabe, A., Rätzel, S., 2011. Scarring or scaring? The psychological impact of past unemployment risk. Economica 78 (310), 283-293. doi: 10.1111/j.1468- 0335.2009.00816.x Knabe, A., Rätzel, S., Schöb R., Weimann, J. 2010. Dissatisfied with life but having a good day: Time-use and well-being of the unemployed. The Economic Journal 120 (547), 867- 889. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0297.2009.02347. [OpenAIRE]

Koniak-Griffin, D., Anderson, N. L., Brecht, M.-L., Verzemniekes, I., Lesser, J., Kim, S. 2002.

Public health nursing care for adolescent mothers: Impact on infant health and selected maternal outcomes and 1 year postbirth. Journal of Adolescent Health 30 (1), 44-54.

Olds, D. L. 2006. The Nurse-Family Partnership: An evidence based prevention intervention. Infant Mental Health Journal 27 (1), 5-25. doi: 10.1002/imhj.20077 Peeters, F., Berkhof, J., Delespaul, P., Rottenberg, J., Nicolson, N.A., 2006. Diurnal mood variation in major depressive disorder. Emotion 6 (3), 383-391. doi: 10.1037/1528- 3542.6.3.383 Pocock, S.J., Hughes, M.D., Lee, R.J. (1987). Statistical problems in the reporting of clinical trials. New England Journal of Medicine, 317 (7), 426-432.

16 references, page 1 of 2
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