publication . Preprint . 2009

Biosafety decisions and perceived commercial risks: The role of GM-free private standards

Gruère, Guillaume; Sengupta, Debdatta;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2009
"We herein investigate the observed discrepancy between real and perceived commercial risks associated with the use of genetically modified (GM) products in developing countries. We focus particularly on the effects of GM-free private standards set up by food companies in Europe and other countries on biotechnology and biosafety policy decisions in food-exporting developing countries. Based on field visits made to South Africa, Namibia, and Kenya in June 2007, and secondary information from the press and various publications, we find 31 cases of interactions between private GM-free standards and biosafety policy decisions in 21 countries. Although we cannot infe...
free text keywords: Genetically modified food, Private standards, International trade, Biosafety, Science and technology, biotechnology, Developing countries,
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