publication . Article . 2007

From Little Rock Central High School to Laerskool Potgitersrus: Education and Racial Change in the United States and South Africa

Catsam, Derek;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2007 Journal: Entelequia. Revista Interdisciplinar, issue 3 Spring, pages 243-254
In both South Africa and the United States South, education stands and has stood historically as a vital cultural and economic center for its people. In both cases school integration has proved to be profoundly contentious. Certainly much of the Civil Rights Movement in the U.S. was centered on integrating schools from the elementary school playground to the university campus. An interesting and important parallel between South Africa's segregationists and those in America also emerged in the Potgietersrus conflict: the push for private, segregated schools.
free text keywords: Education, Racial Change, United States, South Africa, integrating schools, segregated schools

2 On Little Rock see: Daisy Bates, The Long Shadow of Little Rock: A Memoir New York: David McKay, 1962; Melba Patillo Beals, Warriors Don't Cry: A Searing Memoir of the Battle to Integrate Little Rock's Central High, New York: Pocket Books, 1994; Taylor Branch, Parting The Waters: America in the King Years, 1954- 1963, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1988; Clayborne Carson, et. al. Eds. The Eyes on the Prize Civil Rights Reader: Documents, Speeches, and Firsthand Accounts From the Black Freedom Struggle, 1954-1990, New York: Viking, 1991; James Duram, A Moderate Among Extremists: Dwight D. Eisenhower and the School desegregation Crisis, New York: Nelson-Hall Publishers, 1981; Henry Hampton and Steve Fayer, eds. Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s to the 1980s, New York: Bantam Books, 1990; Manning Marable, Race, Reform, and Rebellion: The Second Reconstruction in Black America, 1945- 1990, Jackson: The University Press of Mississippi, 1991; Harvard Sitkoff, The Struggle For Black Equality, 1954-1980, New York: Hill & Wang, 1981; Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965, New York: Penguin Books, 1987.

3 Quoted in Hampton and Fayer, Voices of Freedom, pp. 41-42.

4 Quoted in Carson, et. al., The Eyes on the Prize Civil Rights Reader, p. 98.

7 On the Potgietersrus case, not surprisingly, there is no secondary literature. There are a number of articles from newspapers, most notably the Weekly Mail and Guardian and its internet counterpart, the Electric Mail and Guardian. Included among these are the following articles: “School uses constitution in race row,” February 9, 1996; Justin Pearce, “Kicking up a stink in a 'skunk of a town',” February 21, 1996; Justin Pearce, “Victory in the face of fear,” February 22, 1996;and “Apartheid still rules in rural schools,” February 2, 1996. See also the Associated Press Story by Donna Bryson, in Charlotte Observer, “Black S. Africans Enter School,” February 23, 1996.

11 Phillipa Garson, “Eyewitness: Jislaaik! Blacks have even made things better!” Mail & Guardian, March 8, 1996

12 Ann Eveleth, “Why can't they go back to Soweto?” Mail & Guardian, May 16, 1997.

13 “Apartheid still rules in rural schools.” Mail and Guardian, February 2, 1996.

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