publication . Preprint . 2010

Employment Composition: A Study of Australian Employment Growth, 2002–2006

Jeremy Lawson; Crystal Ossolinski;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jun 2010
Abstract
This paper uses data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey to examine whether there was a change in employment rates for people with ‘low employment’ characteristics between 2002 and 2006, which was a period of strong employment growth. In particular, it estimates the relationships between employment and personal and household characteristics using a binomial logit model, with a comparison of the coefficients in 2002 and 2006 providing tentative evidence of a broadening of employment over this period. To explore this further, the paper examines whether the broadening in employment reflects an improvement in the relative emplo...
Subjects
free text keywords: employment growth; labour supply; distribution of employment, jel:C21, jel:J64, jel:J21

2006 (vs 2002) 0.9* Age (vs 36-45 years) 18-25 years 0.7** 26-35 years 1.1 46-55 years 1.3** 56-65 years 1.5** Birth country (vs Australia) English-speaking 1.1 Non-English-speaking 1.4** Education (vs university) Diploma or certificate 1.1 High school 1.1 Less than high school 1.5** Occupation (vs professional) Associate professional 1.3* Trade 1.2 Production 1.6** Unskilled 1.3 Father's occupation (vs professional) Associate professional 1.0 Trade 0.8 Production 0.8** Unskilled 1.2 Mother not employed (vs employed) Not employed 0.9 Student status (vs not student) Enrolled full-time 1.4** Finished studies 1-2 years ago 0.9 Time in work in previous year (vs 100 per cent) 0 per cent 353.0*** 1-25 per cent 33.9*** 26-50 per cent 26.7*** 51-75 per cent 17.9*** 76-99 per cent 8.8*** Time in work since school (vs more than 50 per cent) Less than 50 per cent 1.1 Okun AM (1973), 'Upward Mobility in a High-Pressure Economy', Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1, pp 207-252.

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