Actions
  • shareshare
  • link
  • cite
  • add
add
auto_awesome_motion View all 3 versions
Publication . Article . 2017

Perfil metabólico y factores asociados en pacientes con esquizofrenia bajo tratamiento con antipsicóticos que acuden a consulta externa en el Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental (Perú)

Miguel A Ricapa; Luis B Guimas; Ray Ticse;
Open Access   Spanish  
Published: 03 Jan 2017
Publisher: Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Facultad de Medicina
Abstract
Objetivos: Describir el perfil metabólico y factores asociados en pacientes con esquizofrenia bajo tratamiento con antipsicóticos que acudieron a consulta externa en el Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental “Honorio Delgado-Hideyo Noguchi” durante un periodo de tres meses. Material y métodos: Estudio transversal, realizado entre mayo y julio del 2015. De manera consecutiva, fueron incluidos pacientes con esquizofrenia, en tratamiento con el mismo esquema antipsicótico por al menos 3 meses. Se tomaron medidas antropométricas y se recogió información del paciente y de su historia clínica. Se estimaron frecuencias y medidas de tendencia central para la estadística descriptiva. Los factores asociados al perfil metabólico se establecieron mediante análisis bivariado y multivariado, con el Síndrome Metabólico (SM) como variable dependiente. Resultados: De un total de 272 pacientes, 40,8% cumplieron criterios para SM según la ATP-III modificada; 6,3% presentaron diabetes, 8,1% hipertensión arterial, 43% sobrepeso, 28,7% obesidad y 74,3% presentaron al menos una alteración lipídica. El SM estuvo significativamente asociado a edad, antecedente familiar de infarto de miocardio (IM), índice de masa corporal (IMC) y uso de politerapia con antipsicóticos atípicos. Conclusiones: La frecuencia de SM hallada en esta muestra de pacientes esquizofrénicos fue elevada y estuvo asociada a una variedad de factores que es indispensable evaluar para un manejo integral y adecuado de cada paciente. Objectives: To describe the metabolic profile and its associated factors among patients with schizophrenia under antipsychotic treatment, seen in the outpatient service at the National Institute of Mental Health “Honorio Delgado-Hideyo Noguchi”, during a period of 3 months. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study, carried out from May to July 2015. By consecutive sampling, patients with schizophrenia who were receiving the same antipsychotic treatment for at least three months were included. Anthropometric measures were taken, and medical data were obtained from the patients and their medical records. For descriptive statistics purposes, frequencies and measures of central tendency were estimated. To determine the metabolic profile-associated factors, bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed with the Metabolic Syndrome (MS) as a dependent variable. Results: From a total of 272 patients evaluated, 40.8% met the modified ATP-III criteria for MS, 6.3% had type 2 diabetes mellitus, 8.1% had hypertension, 43% were overweight, 28.7% were obese and 74.3% had at least one lipid disorder. MS was significantly associated with age, family history of myocardial infarction (MI), body mass index (BMI) and use of polytherapy with atypical antipsychotics. Conclusions: The frequency of MS found in our sample of schizophrenic patients was high and was associated to a variety of factors whose evaluation is indispensable for an integral and adequate treatment of every patient.
Subjects

Esquizofrenia, síndrome X metabólico, antipsicóticos, Schizophrenia, metabolic syndrome X, antipsychotics agents, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Related Organizations