publication . Article . 2015

Four Tools for Critical Inquiry in History, Social Studies, and Civic Education*

Bermudez, Angela;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2015 Journal: Revista de Estudios Sociales (issn: 0123-885X, eissn: 1900-5180, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Universidad de los Andes
The promotion of critical thinking is an important but elusive goal in history, social studies, and civic education. Teachers often struggle to translate general definitions of critical thinking into specific pedagogical tools to plan learning activities and to observe and interpret student work in these subjects. They also struggle to distinguish between “teaching critical content” and “teaching students to think critically.” In this paper, I draw upon scholarship on critical thinking, history education, moral education, and critical pedagogy to propose four tools for critical inquiry in the social domain: Problem-posing, Reflective skepticism, Multi-perspectiv...
free text keywords: Indagación crítica, pensamiento crítico, enseñanza de la historia, enseñanza de las ciencias sociales, educación ciudadana, pedagogía crítica, Indagação crítica, pensamento crítico, ensino da história, ensino das ciências sociais, educação cidadã, pedagogia crítica, pedagogía crítica., Critical inquiry, critical thinking, history education, social studies education, civic education, critical pedagogy., Social Sciences, H, Social sciences (General), H1-99, Social science, Critical pedagogy, Pedagogy, Systems thinking, Sociology, Social studies, Critical literacy, Skepticism, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Pluralism (political theory), Scholarship
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