publication . Article . 2017

Visiones norteamericanas de la Iglesia católica progresista en Brasil, 1964-1972: de la sospecha a la colaboración

Sigifredo Romero;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2017 Journal: Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura, volume 44, page 333 (issn: 0120-2456, eissn: 2256-5647, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Both the United States and the Brazilian Catholic Church played decisive roles during the military dictatorship that ruled Brazil between 1964 and 1985. Therefore, an understanding of the relationship between these influential political actors is imperative. This article explores American views of and interests in the Brazilian Catholic Church through a critical examination, categorization, discourse analysis and periodization of cables produced by the U.S. diplomatic mission in Brazil from 1964 to 1972. It maintains that, in the ideological context of National Security doctrine, the U.S. regarded the progressive Catholic movement, and at some level the Church a...
Persistent Identifiers
free text keywords: Cultural Studies, History, (Author) American diplomatic service, Brazilian Catholic Church, (Thesaurus) Church, diplomatic archives, State, (Autor) Iglesia católica brasileña, servicio diplomático estadounidense, (Thesaurus) archivos diplomáticos, dictadura, Estado, Iglesia, (Autor) Igreja católica brasileira, Serviço diplomático americano, (Thesaurus) arquivos diplomáticos, ditadura, Igreja, American diplomatic service, State., National security, business.industry, business, Human rights, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Discourse analysis, Political science, Ideology, Doctrine, Political economy, Politics, Political repression, Dictatorship, lcsh:History (General), lcsh:D1-2009, lcsh:Latin America. Spanish America, lcsh:F1201-3799
48 references, page 1 of 4

1. For a historical account of the dictatorship, see: Thomas Skidmore, The Politics of Military Rule in Brazil, 1964-85 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).

2. Michael Löwy, The War of Gods: Religion and Politics in Latin America (London: Verso, 1996) 32-33. For a view on the encounter between religion and politics, see: Daniel Levine, “Religion and Politics, Politics and Religion: An Introduction”, Churches and Politics in Latin Ame,reidc.aDaniel Levine (Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1979) 16-40.

3. For an institutional approach to the Brazilian Church, see Thomas Bruneau, The Church in Brazil: The Politics of Religion (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982).

4. See Carlos Fico, O grande irmão: da operação Brother Sam aos anos de chumbo. O governo dos Estados Unidos e a ditadura militar brasileira (Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 2008).

5. Skidmore 137; Kenneth Serbin, Secret Dialogues: Church-State Relations, Torture, and Social Justice in Authoritarian Brazil (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2000) 74.

6. Márcio Moreira Alves, A Igreja e a política no Brasil (São Paulo: Editora Brasiliense, 1979).

7. Scott MainwarinThegC,atholic Church and Politics in Brazil, 1916-1985 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1986).

8. Charles Antoine, Church and Power in Brazil, (Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 1973).

9. Penny LernouxC,ry of the People: United States Involvement in the Rise of Fascism, Torture, and Murder and the Persecution of the Catholic Church in Latin America(Garden City: Doubleday & Company, 1980) 283.

10. Admar Mendes de Souza, “Estado e Igreja católica. O movimento social do cristianismo de libertação sob vigilância do DOPS/SP (1954-1974)”, doctoral dissertation in Social History (São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo, 2009) 179-355

11. Fico 162-165.

12. James Green, We Cannot Remain Silent: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United St(aDtuersham: Duke University Press, 2010).

13. Renata Itagyba, “O Brasil ditatorial nas páginas do New York Times (1964-1985)”, masters dissertation in Communication (São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo, 2013).

19. Robert W. Dean, Counselor of Embassy, to Department of State, Report “Bishop's Declaration on Revolution”, Brasilia, Jun. 10, 1964, file POL 15-7.

20. Niles W. Bond, Minister Consul General, to Department of State, Report “Reappearance of Leftist Anti-American Propaganda From Catholic Church Sources”, São Paulo, Aug. 13, 1964, file POL 15-7.

48 references, page 1 of 4
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