publication . Article . Other literature type . 2018

Mecanismos de Desengajamento Moral e a Violência Armada. Um Estudo Comparativo dos Paramilitares e da Guerrilha na Colômbia

Villegas de Posada, María Cristina; Flórez, Jorge; Espinel, Nicolás;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2018
  • Publisher: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Humanas, Departamento de Psicología
Abstract
Abstract Moral disengagement mechanisms are strategies to make immoral actions appear moral. This study explores their usage by two Colombian illegal armed groups (guerrillas and paramilitaries), as well as differences between the groups. The analysis covered 367 communiqués issued in 55 months. A deductive content analysis revealed that the most used mechanisms were: attribution of blame, euphemistic labeling, moral justification and labeling with undesirable names. Results showed differences between groups only in the number of press releases, but not in frequency or type of the mechanisms used. The findings are analyzed in the discussion section in relation t...
Subjects
free text keywords: moral disengagement, dissonance, violence, ideology, guerrillas, desconexión moral, disonancia, violencia, ideología, desengajamento moral, dissonância, guerrilhas, ideologia, violência, General Psychology, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Blame, Cognitive dissonance, Criminology, Content analysis, Attribution, Psychology, BF1-990
Related Organizations
18 references, page 1 of 2

Bolivar, I. (2006). Discursos emocionales y experiencGiaossling, P., Denizeau, M., & Oberlé, D. (2006). Denial of de la política: lfaasrc y lasauc en los procesos de responsibility: A new mode of dissonance reduction. negociación del coniflcto (1998-2005) [Emotional Journal of Personality and Social Psycho90lo,gy, discourses and the experience of politics: The 722-733. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.90.5.722 farc and the aucin the negotiation- and conflicGtutiérrez, F. (2008). Telling the diefrence: Guerillas and periods, 1998-2005]. Bogotá, Colombia: Ediciones paramilitaries in the ColombianPwoalirt.ics & Society, Uniandes y Centro de Investigación y Educación 36, 3-34. https://doi.org/10.1177/0032329207312181 Popularc,inep. Hafez, M. M. (2006). Moral agents, immoral violence:

Borja, H., Barreto, I., Sabucedo, J. M., & López, W. Mechanisms of moral disengagement in Palestinian (2008). Construcción del discurso deslegitimador delsuicide terrorism. In J. Victorof (Ed.), Tangled roots: adversario: gobierno y paramilitarismo en ColombiaSocial and psychological factors in the genesis of [Building a discourse to delegitimize the opponent:terrorism(pp. 292-307). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Government and paramilitarism in Colombia]. ios Press. Universitas Psychologica, 7, 571-583. Jackson, L. E., & Gaertner, L. (2010). Mechanisms of

Borun, R. (2011). Understanding terrorist psychology.moral disengagement and their diefrential use by In A. Silke (Ed.),eTh psychology of counterterrorism right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance (pp. 19-33). New York, USA: Routledge. orientation in support ofAwgagrr.essive Behavior, 36,

Cottee, S. (2010). Mind slaughter: eTh neutralizations of 238-250. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.20344 Jihadi Salasfim. Studies in Coniflct & Terroris3m3, Jost, J. T., Federico, C. M., & Napier, J. L. (2009). Political 330-352. https://doi.org/10.1080/10576101003587176 ideology: Its structure, functions, and elective anfii-

Duncan, G. (2006) Los señores de la guerra: de paramilitares,ties.A nnual Review of Psychol,o 6g0,y307-337. https:// maofisos y autodefensas en Colombia [eTh landlords doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.60.110707.163600 of the war: Paramilitaries, maofisos and self-defeKnhseaslil, N. (2017). Dabiq: A study of the usage of terroristin Colombia]. Bogotá, Colombia: Planeta. produced publications in framing and selective

Eagleton, T. (1997). Ideología: una introducción [Ideology:moral disengagement. Unpublished master's thesis. An introduction]. Barcelona, España: Paidós. The American University, Department of Mass

Feldmann, A. E., & Hinojosa, V. J. (2009).Terrorism communication, Cairo, Egypt. in Colombia: Logic and sources of a multidMi-aikovich, A. K. (2005). A new understanding of terrorism mensional and ubiquitous phenomenon. Te-rror using cognitive dissonance principles. Journal for ism and Political Violence, 21, 42-61. https://doi. the eThory of Social Behavior, 35, 373-397. https://doi. org/10.1080/09546550802544656 org/10.1111/j.1468-5914.2005.00282.x

Feldman, S., & Johnston, C. (2014). Understanding thMeartín-Peña, J., & Opotow, S. (2011). eTh legitimization determinants of political ideology: Implications ooff political violence: A case study oifnethae structural complexity. Political Psycho3l37o-gy3,585., Basque country. Peace and Coniflct: Journal of Peace https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12055 Psychology, 17, 132-150. https://doi.org/10.1080/10781

Ferro, J., & Uribe, G. (2002). El orden de la guerra: las 919.2010.550225 farc-ep entre la organización y la política [eTh ordeMrayring, P. (2000). Qualitative content analysis. Forum of the war: The farc between organization and Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social politics]. Bogotá, Colombia: ceja. Research, 1. Retrieved from http://nbnresolving.de/

Festinger, L. (1968). A theory of cognitive disso.nance urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0002204 Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University. Press. Moghaddam. F. (2005). Psychological processes and

Gerring, J. (1997). Ideology: A definitional analysis. “eTh Staircase to Terrorism”. American Psych-olo Political Research Quar,t5e0r,9ly57-994. https://doi. gist, 60, 1039-1041. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003- org/10.1177/106591299705000412 066X.60.9.1039

Observatorio de derechos humanos de la VicepresidReonm-ero, M. (2003). Paramilitares y autodefensas, 1982-2003 cia de la República, Colombia. (2005). Situación [Paramilitaries and self-defenses]. Bogotá, Colombia: de derechos humanos y derecho internacionalUniversidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de humanitario. [Human Rights Observatory of the Estudios Políticos y Relaciones Internacionales, iepri. Vice-President of the Republic of Colombia. On tSahaeb, B. Y., & Taylor, A. W. (2009). Criminality and armed situation of human rights and international humagnroups: A comparative study of fanrdc paramilitary laws]. Retrieved from http://www.derechoshumanos.groups in Colombia. Studies in Coniflct & Terrorism, gov.co//observatorio_de_DDHH/documentos 32, 455-475. https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610090289257

ohchr (2010). Report of the United Nations High ComSa-bucedo, J. M., Barreto, I., Borja, H., López, W., Blanco, missioner for Human Rights on the situation of humanA., de la Corte, L., & Durán, M. (2004). Deslegitirights in Colomb.iRaetrieved from http://www.hchr. mación del adversario y violencia política: el caso de org.co/documentoseinformes lasfarc y las aucen Colombia [Delegitimization of

Opotow, S. (1990). Moral exclusion and injustice: An the adversary and political violence: eTh faanrdc introductioJno.urnal of Social Issues, 46, 1-20. https:// auc in Colombia]. Acta Colombiana de Psicología, doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1990.tb00268.x 12, 69-85. [OpenAIRE]

Pinto, M. E., Vergara, A., & Lahuerta, Y. (2002). Diag-Sabucedo, J. M., Blanco, A., & de la Corte, L. (2003). nóstico del programa de reinserción en Colombia: Beliefs which legitimize political violence against mecanismos para incentivar la desmovilizaciónthe innocent. Psicothema, 15, 550-555. voluntaria individual [Diagnosis of the re-inseSretligoenr, M. (1976). Ideology and pol.itLiocnsdon, England: program in Colombia: Mechanisms to promote Allen & Unwin. voluntary demobilization]. Bogotá, ColombSitaa:ub, E. (1989). eTh roots of evil: eTh origins of genocide and Departamento Nacional de Planeación. Retrievedother group violence. Cambridge, England: Cambridge from: www. dnp.gov.co//Portal/Archivos University Press.

18 references, page 1 of 2
Powered by OpenAIRE Open Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue
publication . Article . Other literature type . 2018

Mecanismos de Desengajamento Moral e a Violência Armada. Um Estudo Comparativo dos Paramilitares e da Guerrilha na Colômbia

Villegas de Posada, María Cristina; Flórez, Jorge; Espinel, Nicolás;