publication . Article . 2008

A closer look at the history and genetics of Tourette syndrome

Díaz-Anzaldúa, Adriana; Rouleau, Guy A.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Apr 2008
  • Publisher: Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz
Tourette syndrome (TS) was named after Georges Albert Edouard Brutus Gilles de la Tourette, who made its first formal description at the end of the 19th century. Nevertheless, some evidence indicates the disorder may have been recognised at least two thousand years ago. Tic like behaviours were recorded by Aretaeus of Cappadocia and several centuries later by Sprenger and Kraemer, followed by other descriptions. The English writer Samuel Johnson, author of the first English Language Dictionary, showed repetitive body twitches, facial grimaces, barks and grunts, among other tics. He was observed in situations such as going in or out at a door using a certain numb...
free text keywords: Tourette syndrome, Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, genetics of Tourette syndrome, tic disorder, Síndrome de Gilles de la Tourette, genética del síndrome de Gilles de la Tourette, tics motores, tics fónicos
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