publication . Article . 2017

Impact of sociodemographic variables on executive functions

Kenia Repiso Campanholo; Izadora Nogueira Fonte Boa; Flávia Cristina da Silva Araujo Hodroj; Glaucia Rosana Benute Guerra; Eliane Correa Miotto; Mara Cristina Souza de Lucia;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Mar 2017
  • Publisher: Associação de Neurologia Cognitiva e do Comportamento
Abstract
ABSTRACT Executive functions (EFs) regulate human behavior and allow individuals to interact and act in the world. EFs are sensitive to sociodemographic variables such as age, which promotes their decline, and to others that can exert a neuroprotective effect. Objective: To assess the predictive role of education, occupation and family income on decline in executive functions among a sample with a wide age range. Methods: A total of 925 participants aged 18-89 years with 1-28 years' education were submitted to assessment of executive functions using the Card Sorting Test (CST), Phonemic Verbal Fluency (FAS) Task and Semantic Verbal Fluency (SVF) Task. Data on in...
Subjects
free text keywords: aging, socioeconomic factors, executive function, envelhecimento, fatores socioeconômicos, função executiva, Original Article, Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, RC321-571, Sensory Systems, Cognitive Neuroscience, Geriatrics and Gerontology, Neurology, Clinical Neurology, Linear regression, Socioeconomic status, Correlation, Negative relationship, Clinical psychology, Psychology, Family income, Psychiatry, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Verbal fluency test, Bayesian multivariate linear regression, Executive functions
47 references, page 1 of 4

Chan, RC, Shum, D, Toulopoulou, T, Chen, EY. Assessment of executive functions: review of instruments and identification of critical issues. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2008; 23 (2): 201-16 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Burgess, PW, Veitch, E, de Lacy Costello, A, Shallice, T. The cognitive and neuroanatomical correlates of multitasking. Neuropsychologia. 2000; 38 (6): 848-63 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Cipolotti, L, Healy, C, Chan, E, MacPherson, SE, White, M, Woollett, K. The effect of age on cognitive performance of frontal patients. Neuropsychologia. 2015; 20 (75): 233-41

Best, JR, Miller, PH. A developmental perspective on executive function. Child Dev. 2010; 81 (6): 1641-60 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Keller, JB, Hedden, T, Thompson, TW, Anteraper, SA, Gabrieli, JDE, Whitfield-Gabrieli, S. Resting-state anticorrelations between medial and lateral prefrontal cortex: association with working memory, aging, and individual differences. Cortex. 2015; 64: 271-80 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Bugaiska, A, Clarys, D, Jarry, C, Taconnat, L, Tapia, G, Vanneste, S, Isingrini, M. The effect of aging in recollective experience: the processing speed and executivefunctioning hypothesis. Conscious Cogn. 2007; 16 (4): 797-808 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

De Vis, JB, Hendrikse, J, Bhogal, A, Adams, A, Kappelle, LJ, Petersen, ET. Age-related changes in brain hemodynamics; A calibrated MRI study. Hum Brain Mapp. 2015; 36 (10): 3973-87 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Steffener, J, Habeck, CG, Stern, Y. Age-related changes in task related functional network connectivity. PLoS One. 2012; 7 (9): e44421 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Hoffstaedter, F, Grefkes, C, Roski, C, Caspers, S, Zilles, K, Eickhoff, SB. Age-related decrease of functional connectivity additional to gray matter atrophy in a network for movement initiation. Brain Struct Funct. 2015; 220 (2): 999-1012 [PubMed]

Apolinario, D, Brucki, SM, Ferretti, RE, Farfel, JM, Magaldi, RM, Busse, AL, Jacob-Filho, W. Estimating Premorbid Cognitive Abilities in Low-Educated Populations. PLoS One. 2013; 8 (3): e60084 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Apolinario, D, Mansur, LL, Carthery-Goulart, MT, Brucki, SM, Nitrini, R. Detecting limited health literacy in Brazil: development of a multidimensional screening tool. Health Promot Int. 2014; 29 (1): 5-14 [PubMed]

Branco, LD, Cotrena, C, Pereira, N, Kochhann, R, fonseca, RP. Verbal and visuospatial executive functions in healthy elderly. Dement Neuropsychol. 2014; 8 (2): 155-61

Correa Ribeiro, PC, Lopes, CS, Lourenço, RA. Complexity of lifetime occupation and cognitive performance in old age. Occup Med. 2013; 63 (8): 556-62

Steffener, J, Stern, Y. Exploring the neural basis of cognitive reserve in aging. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012; 1822 (3): 467-73 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Steffener, J, Barulli, D, Habeck, C, O'Shea, D, Razlighi, Q, Stern, Y. The Role of Education and Verbal Abilities in Altering the Effect of Age-Related Gray Matter Differences on Cognition. PLoS One. 2014; 9 (3): e91196 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

47 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
ABSTRACT Executive functions (EFs) regulate human behavior and allow individuals to interact and act in the world. EFs are sensitive to sociodemographic variables such as age, which promotes their decline, and to others that can exert a neuroprotective effect. Objective: To assess the predictive role of education, occupation and family income on decline in executive functions among a sample with a wide age range. Methods: A total of 925 participants aged 18-89 years with 1-28 years' education were submitted to assessment of executive functions using the Card Sorting Test (CST), Phonemic Verbal Fluency (FAS) Task and Semantic Verbal Fluency (SVF) Task. Data on in...
Subjects
free text keywords: aging, socioeconomic factors, executive function, envelhecimento, fatores socioeconômicos, função executiva, Original Article, Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, RC321-571, Sensory Systems, Cognitive Neuroscience, Geriatrics and Gerontology, Neurology, Clinical Neurology, Linear regression, Socioeconomic status, Correlation, Negative relationship, Clinical psychology, Psychology, Family income, Psychiatry, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Verbal fluency test, Bayesian multivariate linear regression, Executive functions
47 references, page 1 of 4

Chan, RC, Shum, D, Toulopoulou, T, Chen, EY. Assessment of executive functions: review of instruments and identification of critical issues. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2008; 23 (2): 201-16 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Burgess, PW, Veitch, E, de Lacy Costello, A, Shallice, T. The cognitive and neuroanatomical correlates of multitasking. Neuropsychologia. 2000; 38 (6): 848-63 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Cipolotti, L, Healy, C, Chan, E, MacPherson, SE, White, M, Woollett, K. The effect of age on cognitive performance of frontal patients. Neuropsychologia. 2015; 20 (75): 233-41

Best, JR, Miller, PH. A developmental perspective on executive function. Child Dev. 2010; 81 (6): 1641-60 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Keller, JB, Hedden, T, Thompson, TW, Anteraper, SA, Gabrieli, JDE, Whitfield-Gabrieli, S. Resting-state anticorrelations between medial and lateral prefrontal cortex: association with working memory, aging, and individual differences. Cortex. 2015; 64: 271-80 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Bugaiska, A, Clarys, D, Jarry, C, Taconnat, L, Tapia, G, Vanneste, S, Isingrini, M. The effect of aging in recollective experience: the processing speed and executivefunctioning hypothesis. Conscious Cogn. 2007; 16 (4): 797-808 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

De Vis, JB, Hendrikse, J, Bhogal, A, Adams, A, Kappelle, LJ, Petersen, ET. Age-related changes in brain hemodynamics; A calibrated MRI study. Hum Brain Mapp. 2015; 36 (10): 3973-87 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Steffener, J, Habeck, CG, Stern, Y. Age-related changes in task related functional network connectivity. PLoS One. 2012; 7 (9): e44421 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Hoffstaedter, F, Grefkes, C, Roski, C, Caspers, S, Zilles, K, Eickhoff, SB. Age-related decrease of functional connectivity additional to gray matter atrophy in a network for movement initiation. Brain Struct Funct. 2015; 220 (2): 999-1012 [PubMed]

Apolinario, D, Brucki, SM, Ferretti, RE, Farfel, JM, Magaldi, RM, Busse, AL, Jacob-Filho, W. Estimating Premorbid Cognitive Abilities in Low-Educated Populations. PLoS One. 2013; 8 (3): e60084 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Apolinario, D, Mansur, LL, Carthery-Goulart, MT, Brucki, SM, Nitrini, R. Detecting limited health literacy in Brazil: development of a multidimensional screening tool. Health Promot Int. 2014; 29 (1): 5-14 [PubMed]

Branco, LD, Cotrena, C, Pereira, N, Kochhann, R, fonseca, RP. Verbal and visuospatial executive functions in healthy elderly. Dement Neuropsychol. 2014; 8 (2): 155-61

Correa Ribeiro, PC, Lopes, CS, Lourenço, RA. Complexity of lifetime occupation and cognitive performance in old age. Occup Med. 2013; 63 (8): 556-62

Steffener, J, Stern, Y. Exploring the neural basis of cognitive reserve in aging. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012; 1822 (3): 467-73 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Steffener, J, Barulli, D, Habeck, C, O'Shea, D, Razlighi, Q, Stern, Y. The Role of Education and Verbal Abilities in Altering the Effect of Age-Related Gray Matter Differences on Cognition. PLoS One. 2014; 9 (3): e91196 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

47 references, page 1 of 4
Powered by OpenAIRE Open Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue
publication . Article . 2017

Impact of sociodemographic variables on executive functions

Kenia Repiso Campanholo; Izadora Nogueira Fonte Boa; Flávia Cristina da Silva Araujo Hodroj; Glaucia Rosana Benute Guerra; Eliane Correa Miotto; Mara Cristina Souza de Lucia;