publication . Article . 2015

Effects of melatonin and prolactin in reproduction: review of literature

Fernanda das Chagas Angelo Mendes Tenorio; Manuel de Jesus Simões; Valéria Wanderley Teixeira; Álvaro Aguiar Coelho Teixeira;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2015
  • Publisher: Associação Médica Brasileira
Abstract
Summary The pineal gland is responsible for producing a hormone called melatonin (MEL), and is accepted as the gland that regulates reproduction in mammals. Prolactin (PRL) also exhibits reproductive activity in animals in response to photoperiod. It is known that the concentrations of PRL are high in the summer and reduced during winter, the opposite of what is seen with melatonin in these seasons. In placental mammals, both prolactin and melatonin affect implantation, which is considered a critical point of pregnancy, since a successful pregnancy requires the development of a synchronous interaction between the endometrium and blastocyst for placental developm...
Subjects
free text keywords: pineal gland, pregnancy, progesterone, estrogens, glândula pineal, gravidez, progesterona, estrogênio, Medicine (General), R5-920, General Medicine, Endometrium, medicine.anatomical_structure, medicine, business.industry, business, Internal medicine, medicine.medical_specialty, Hormone, Placenta, Pathology, medicine.disease, Corpus luteum, Prolactin, Melatonin, medicine.drug, Endocrinology
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publication . Article . 2015

Effects of melatonin and prolactin in reproduction: review of literature

Fernanda das Chagas Angelo Mendes Tenorio; Manuel de Jesus Simões; Valéria Wanderley Teixeira; Álvaro Aguiar Coelho Teixeira;