publication . Thesis . 2013

Multistage scenarios for the evolution of polymorphisms in birds

Stein, Robert William;
Open Access
  • Published: 13 Sep 2013
  • Country: Canada
Abstract
One of the most striking characteristics of the animal kingdom is the extent of phenotypic differentiation between the sexes. Selection acts on the phenotype and sex dependent polymorphisms, such as sexual-size dimorphism, result from selection favouring different optima for males and females. Macroevolutionary patterns of morphological variation are inherently fascinating and warrant explanation because they contribute importantly to the phenotypic component of biodiversity. Understanding the evolution of these patterns is complicated because the majority of the genome is shared between males and females, and this could constrain the evolution of sex-specific p...
Related Organizations
Funded by
NSERC
Project
  • Funder: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
82 references, page 1 of 6

Table 3.1.! Composition of the molecular data matrix, models of molecular evolution and clock models used in Bayesian phylochronological reconstructions for the Galliformes. The complete alignment spans 14539 bp. ................................................................................................... 67!

Table 6.1.! Life history characteristics of penguin species used in comparative analyses. .................................................................................................. 187! Ainley, D.G., and D.P. DeMaster. 1980. Survival and mortality in a population of Adélie penguins. Ecology 61:522-530.

Astheimer, L.B., and C.R. Grau. 1985 The timing and energetic consequences of egg formation in the Adélie penguin. Condor 87:256-268.

Baker, A.J., S.L. Pereira, O.P. Haddrath and K-A. Edge. 2006. Multiple gene evidence for expansion of extant penguins out of Antarctica due to global cooling. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 273:11-17.

Belliure, J., L.M. Carrasacal, E. Minguez and M. Ferrer. 1999. Limited effects of egg size on chick growth in chinstrap penguin Pygoscelis antarctica. Polar Biology 21:80- 83. [OpenAIRE]

Bertellotti, M., J.L. Tella, J.A. Godoy, G. Blanco, M.G. Forero, J.A. Donazar and O. Ceballos. 2002. Determining sex of magellanic penguins using molecular procedures and discriminant functions. Waterbirds 25:479-484. [OpenAIRE]

Boersma, P.D. 2011. Personal communication. (unpublished data).

Boersma, P.D., P. Garcia Borgoroglu, E. Frere, O. Kane, L. M. Pozzi, K. Putz, A. Raya Rey, G. A. Rebstock, A. Simeone, J. Smith, P. Yorio and A. Van Buren. 2013. Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus). In Garcia Borboroglu, P., and P.D. Boersma (eds.), Penguins: Natural History and Conservation. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Boersma, P.D., D.L. Stokes and P.M. Yorio. 1990. Reproductive variability and historical changes of magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) at Punta Tombo, Argentina. Pages 15-43 in L.S. Davis and J.T. Darby (eds.) Penguin Biology. Academic Press, San Diego.

Bost, C.A., and P. Jouventin. 1991. The breeding performance of the gentoo penguin Pygoscelis papua at the northern edge of its range. Ibis 133:14-27.

Bost, C.A., J.B. Thiebot, D. Pinaud, Y. Cherel and P.N. Trathan. 2009. Where do penguins go during the inter-breeding season? Using geolocation to track the winter dispersion of the macaroni penguin. Biology Letters 5:473-476. [OpenAIRE]

Brown, C.R. 1984. Resting metabolic rate and energetic cost of incubation in macaroni penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus) and rockhopper penguins (E. chrysocome). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 77A:345-350.

Carrick, R., and S.E. Ingham. 1970. Ecology and population dynamics of Antarctic sea birds. Pages 505-525 in M. W. Holdgate (ed.) Antarctic Ecology. Academic Press, New York.

Charlesworth, B. 1994. Evolution in age-structured populations, 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Charlesworth, B., R. Lande and M. Slatkin 1982. A neo-Darwinian commentary on macroevolution. Evolution 36: 474-498.

82 references, page 1 of 6
Abstract
One of the most striking characteristics of the animal kingdom is the extent of phenotypic differentiation between the sexes. Selection acts on the phenotype and sex dependent polymorphisms, such as sexual-size dimorphism, result from selection favouring different optima for males and females. Macroevolutionary patterns of morphological variation are inherently fascinating and warrant explanation because they contribute importantly to the phenotypic component of biodiversity. Understanding the evolution of these patterns is complicated because the majority of the genome is shared between males and females, and this could constrain the evolution of sex-specific p...
Related Organizations
Funded by
NSERC
Project
  • Funder: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
82 references, page 1 of 6

Table 3.1.! Composition of the molecular data matrix, models of molecular evolution and clock models used in Bayesian phylochronological reconstructions for the Galliformes. The complete alignment spans 14539 bp. ................................................................................................... 67!

Table 6.1.! Life history characteristics of penguin species used in comparative analyses. .................................................................................................. 187! Ainley, D.G., and D.P. DeMaster. 1980. Survival and mortality in a population of Adélie penguins. Ecology 61:522-530.

Astheimer, L.B., and C.R. Grau. 1985 The timing and energetic consequences of egg formation in the Adélie penguin. Condor 87:256-268.

Baker, A.J., S.L. Pereira, O.P. Haddrath and K-A. Edge. 2006. Multiple gene evidence for expansion of extant penguins out of Antarctica due to global cooling. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 273:11-17.

Belliure, J., L.M. Carrasacal, E. Minguez and M. Ferrer. 1999. Limited effects of egg size on chick growth in chinstrap penguin Pygoscelis antarctica. Polar Biology 21:80- 83. [OpenAIRE]

Bertellotti, M., J.L. Tella, J.A. Godoy, G. Blanco, M.G. Forero, J.A. Donazar and O. Ceballos. 2002. Determining sex of magellanic penguins using molecular procedures and discriminant functions. Waterbirds 25:479-484. [OpenAIRE]

Boersma, P.D. 2011. Personal communication. (unpublished data).

Boersma, P.D., P. Garcia Borgoroglu, E. Frere, O. Kane, L. M. Pozzi, K. Putz, A. Raya Rey, G. A. Rebstock, A. Simeone, J. Smith, P. Yorio and A. Van Buren. 2013. Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus). In Garcia Borboroglu, P., and P.D. Boersma (eds.), Penguins: Natural History and Conservation. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Boersma, P.D., D.L. Stokes and P.M. Yorio. 1990. Reproductive variability and historical changes of magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) at Punta Tombo, Argentina. Pages 15-43 in L.S. Davis and J.T. Darby (eds.) Penguin Biology. Academic Press, San Diego.

Bost, C.A., and P. Jouventin. 1991. The breeding performance of the gentoo penguin Pygoscelis papua at the northern edge of its range. Ibis 133:14-27.

Bost, C.A., J.B. Thiebot, D. Pinaud, Y. Cherel and P.N. Trathan. 2009. Where do penguins go during the inter-breeding season? Using geolocation to track the winter dispersion of the macaroni penguin. Biology Letters 5:473-476. [OpenAIRE]

Brown, C.R. 1984. Resting metabolic rate and energetic cost of incubation in macaroni penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus) and rockhopper penguins (E. chrysocome). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 77A:345-350.

Carrick, R., and S.E. Ingham. 1970. Ecology and population dynamics of Antarctic sea birds. Pages 505-525 in M. W. Holdgate (ed.) Antarctic Ecology. Academic Press, New York.

Charlesworth, B. 1994. Evolution in age-structured populations, 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Charlesworth, B., R. Lande and M. Slatkin 1982. A neo-Darwinian commentary on macroevolution. Evolution 36: 474-498.

82 references, page 1 of 6
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