publication . Bachelor thesis . 2013

New Times, New Heroes : Ambiguity, Socio-Political Issues and Post Modernism in Frank Miller's Graphic Novel The Dark Knight Returns

Axelsson, Jan;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2013
  • Publisher: Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten
  • Country: Sweden
Frank Miller’s The Dark Knight Returns is one of the first graphic novels to redraw the map for this kind of literature but perhaps first and foremost for the characteristics of superheroes and villains. It is a story which we have read before in the sense that Batman, the eternal crime fighter, chases his arch enemies Two Face and the Joker, but it is also a new story in which we meet an ambiguous and complex superhero. Batman has become an old man tormented by his past, in which his side kick Robin died, and the present, where he is forbidden to operate under his alias. It is also a story of a corrupt and inept government and its errand boy, Superman.  In my a...
Related Organizations

Barnett, David. “Are Frank Miller's politics visible in his comics?” The Guardian. 15 Nov. 2011. Web. January 2. 2013. <>.

Broaddus, Maurice. Rev. “The Dark Knight Returns”. 7 Jan. 2006. Web. December 28. 2012. <>.

Golda, Gregory J. “The Rise of the Post-Modern Graphic Novel.” Pennsylvania State University. March, 1997. Web. November 4. 2012. <>.

Jinachitra, Pamornpol. “Nietzsche's idea of an overman and life from his point of view”. Stanford University, Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics. Web. December 12. 2012. < ~pj97/Nietzsche.htm >.

Kirby, Jack, Joe Simon. Captain America. New York: DC Comics, 1941. Web. November 10, 2009 < >

McCue, Greg. Clive Bloom. Dark Knights. The New Comics in Context. London: Pluto Press, 1993. Print 18

Nietzsche, Friedrich. Beyond Good and Evil, translation by Helen Zimmern. Original title, Jenseits von Gut und Böse - Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Zukunft [1886]. Published December 7, 2009. Web. November 14. 2012. <>.

Northrup, Jenny. “Toward a Postmodern Understanding: An Analysis of Comic Book Culture”. University of Nebraska, August 19, 2007. Web. October 5. 2012. <>.

Price, Michael. “Revenge and the people who seek it”, American Psychological Association, APA 40.6 (2009). Web. February 6. 2013. < monitor/2009/06/revenge.aspx >.

Slocombe, Will. “Postmodern Nihilism: Theory and Literature.” Aberystwyth: University of Wales, September 2003. Web. December 6. 2012. <>.

Sorondo, Alex. “What is Postmodern Literature?”, June 9, 2011. Web. March 23. 2013. <>.

The Mark of Zorro. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation. 1940. Web. October 14 2012. <>.

Thomson, Iain. “Deconstructing the Hero.” Heidegger, Art, and Postmodernity. Cambridge University Press, June 2012. Pp 17-18. Web. October 6. 2012. <>.

Woodward, Ashley. “Nihilism and the Postmodern in Vattimo's Nietzsche.” Minerva - An Internet Journal of Philosophy 6 (2002). Web. October 7. 2012. <>.

Yaco, Link. “Post-Modernism in comics”. Rev. of Watchmen. Epinions, March 26, 2000. Web. December 3. 2012. <>.

Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue