publication . Bachelor thesis . 2008

The x-word and its usage : Taboo words and swearwords in general, and x-words in newspapers

Lindahl, Katarina;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2008
  • Publisher: Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten
  • Country: Sweden
Abstract
All languages have words that are considered taboo – words that are not supposed to be said or used. Taboo words, or swearwords, can be used in many different ways and they can have different meanings depending on what context they appear in. Another aspect of taboo words is the euphemisms that are used in order to avoid obscene speech. This paper will focus on x-words, words like the f-word or the c-word, which replace the words fuck or cunt, but as the study will show they also have other meanings and usages. The purpose of this paper is also to investigate the significance of taboo words and their usage in English, as well as research on how they are used, or...
Subjects
free text keywords: Taboo, swearing, cursing, the f-word, the x-word, the c-word, the n-word, offensive language, media, newspapers, Specific Languages, Studier av enskilda språk
Related Organizations

Aitchison, Jean. 2001. Language Change: Progress or decay?. [e-brary] Port Chester, NY USA: Cambridge University Press. (accessed March 12, 2008).

Aitchison, Jean. 2003. Teach yourself linguistics. 6th edn. London: Hodder Headline.

Andersson, Lars Gunnar & Peter Trudgill. 1992. Bad language. London: Penguin.

Encyclopaedia Britannica [online] Available at http://www.britannica.com/ (accessed June 3, 2008)

Hilliard, Robert L. & Michael C Keith. 2007. Dirty Discourse: Sex and indecency in broadcasting. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.

Jay, Timothy. 1992. Cursing in America. Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Jay, Timothy. 1999. Why we Curse. [e-brary] Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. (accessed March 12, 2008).

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. 2005. Essex: Pearson Longman.

Merriam Webster [online] Available at http://www.m-w.com (accessed June 3, 2008).

Oxford English Dictionary [online] Available at http://www.oed.com (accessed June 3, 2008).

Pinker, Steven. 2007. What the F***. The New Republic. [online] Available at http://www.tnr.com/story.html?id=246c0071-a9cd-46e2-a665-c6e61a45377e (accessed March 30, 2008).

Skillström Bygg, Madelene. 2006. Offensive language in Sex and the City: A study of male and female characters' use of taboo words. [Online] Available at http://www.divaportal.org/diva/getDocument?urn_nbn_se_kau_diva-433-1__fulltext.pdf (accessed April 14, 2008). [OpenAIRE]

Trudgill, Peter. 2000. Sociolinguistics: An introduction to language and society. 4th edn. London: Penguin.

Powered by OpenAIRE Open Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue