publication . Bachelor thesis . 2013

Evaluation of Cu2ZnSnS4 Absorber Films Sputtered from a Single, Quaternary Target

Carlhamn Rasmussen, Liv;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2013
  • Publisher: Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström
  • Country: Norway
Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) is a promising absorber material for thin-film solar cells since it contains no rare or toxic elements, has a high absorption coefficient and a near ideal bandgap energy. It does, however, present some challenges due to the limited single-phase region of the desired kesterite phase and its instability towards decomposition. Sputtering of CZTS from quaternary, compound targets using RF magnetron sputtering is known. In this thesis work CZTS absorbers were made using pulsed DC magnetron sputtering on stainless steel substrates. The effects of varying substrate temperature and adding seed layers to promote grain growth were investigated, as well as...
free text keywords: Cu2ZnSnS4, CZTS, kesterite, sputtering, compound, quaternary
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