publication . Doctoral thesis . 2004

Unguja Ukuu on Zanzibar : An archaeological study of early urbanism

Juma, Abdurahman;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2004
  • Publisher: Uppsala universitet, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi
  • Country: Sweden
Abstract
This study describes archaeological excavations carried out at Unguja Ukuu on the main island of Zanzibar, Tanzania. The site has long remained obscure, oral histories do not mention it and no particular group among the living community of the island describes its origin from the site. A stone well at Unguja Ukuu together with several other early monuments of the east African coast that survive on the site have been attributed to the Wadebuli, suspected by early scholars to be people of Arab descent from their colonies in India or elsewhere on the Islands of eastern Indian Ocean. Surface survey and the drilling of more than 200 cores have defined the lateral ext...
Subjects
free text keywords: Archaeology, cultural complexity, cycles, early urbanism, and urban characterization, Arkeologi, Archaeology subjects, Arkeologiämnen
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Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

Fig. 7.1.1 Table showing quantity of glass vessels distinguished by colour. ................................ 123 Fig. 7.1. 2-5 Glass profiles

Bottles and flasks (Fig. 7.1.2, Nos. 1-9). .......................................................................... 123 Profiles of beakers & handles (Fig. 7.1.3 Nos. 1-9). ......................................................... 124 Bowls (Fig. 7.1.4 Nos. 1-6). .............................................................................................. 125 Profiles of bases (Fig. 7.1.5 Nos. 1-4). ............................................................................. 125 Beads

Fig. 7.2.1 Table showing quantities of inorganic beads - mostly made of glass - from Units A, B and L through periods (NB excludes material from Units J and K). ........................... 128 Fig. 7.2.2 Shapes of some imported beads. .................................................................................... 129 Table showing faunal remains by quantities and the type of animals, and through periods. ........ 132 Chart showing trend of faunal variations through periods. ........................................................... 133 Objects of Iron

Fig. 7.4.1 Examples of iron objects. ............................................................................................... 136 Fig. 7.4.2 Table showing distribution of iron objects through periods. ......................................... 136 Fig. 7.4.3 Table showing distribution of iron slag through periods. .............................................. 137 Non-ferrous objects

Fig. 7.5.1 Examples of non-ferrous objects (Nos 1-22). ................................................................ 138 Fig. 7.5.2 Table showing quantities of non-ferrous objects through periods. ............................... 142-143 Miscellaneous objects ................................................................................................................... 145 Traditional iron forge using piston-type bellows, workshop at Kidoti village, north of Unguja Island. ............................................................................................................................... 50 (a) View of CLA. (b) Unguja Ukuu site vegetation. (c) Unguja Ukuu beach. (d) Unguja Ukuu traditional wooden boat building. Photos: Paul Sinclair. ............................................................... 52 Plate 4.1 Plate 4.2 View across the creek, at the eastern part of the site. .................................................................... 58 Drilling operation at Unguja Ukuu. ................................................................................................ 59

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