publication . Article . 2012

A Guttman-Based Approach to Identifying Cumulativeness Applied to Chimpanzee Culture

Robert Bates Graber; Dean R. De Cock; Michael L. Burton;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Nov 2012
  • Publisher: eScholarship, University of California
  • Country: United States
Human culture appears to build on itself-that is, to be to some extent cumulative. Whether this property is shared by culture in the common chimpanzee is controversial. The question previously has been approached, qualitatively (and inconclusively), by debating whether any chimpanzee culture traits have resulted from individuals building on one another's work ("ratcheting"). The fact that the chimpanzees at different sites have distinctive repertoires of traits affords a different avenue of approach: determining whether the traits accumulate, site to site, in a structure more orderly than would be expected by chance. Here we use Guttman scalograms and a gamma-ty...
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free text keywords: Psychology (miscellaneous), Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Anthropology, Social psychology, Epistemology, Psychology, Guttman scale, Common chimpanzee, biology.animal, biology, Human culture
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