San José de Moro y el Fin de los Mochicas en el Valle de Jequetepeque, Costa Norte del Perú
Castillo Butters, Luis Jaime
- Publisher: eScholarship, University of California
Archaeology | Ancient history | Andean Societies | Archaeological Ceramics | Archaeological Chronologies | Funerary Practices | Moche | South Ameican Societies
This dissertation presents a new perspective on the Late Moche phenomenon on the basis of theexcavations at San Jose de Moro and other Moche sites in the Northern Jequetepeque Valley,North Coast of Peru. Since 1991 the San Jose de Moro Archaeological Program has focused onthe Middle Moche, Late Moche and Transitional Period occupations of these sites. Thisdissertation reviews data obtained through archaeological surveys conducted in the region,mapping and excavation programs, stratigraphic excavations of 47 large scale units at San Josede Moro, and in the analysis of 500 funerary contexts and a very rich collection of artifacts. Thedissertations focuses on three critical aspects to understand the collapse of the Moche and itstransformation during the Transitional Period: the relative and absolute chronology of the LateMoche occupation of the Jequetepeque Valley and the North Coast of Peru; the study of Mocheiiifunerary practices as means to define Moche social organizational aspects, identities and socialroles, particularly of powerful women, and the use of ideology in the construction of powerstrategies; and, the origins, development and use of a peculiar ceramic style, Late MocheFineline, and it relations with other cultural manifestations present in Late Moche contexts.The most important contribution to the debate is my view of the Moche as a complex politicalphenomenon, with regional al local subdivision and different forms of political organizations anddevelopmental paths expressed in different artistic and material traditions. A revisedchronological scheme, both in terms of a sequence of periods and phases, with reference datesand a detailed ceramics sequence is presented taking into account all the information that isavailable for the Late Moche. All Moche burials excavated in SJM are presented and analyzed toreiterate their representation of Late Moche society as a complex and hierarchical society, withsocial distinctions accounting not only for status and wealth but for ritual roles and ideologicalfunctions. Finally the Late Moche Fineline ceramic style is reviewed in the framework of itscontextual information, both in ritual spaces for ancestral cults as well as in burials of differentkinds.