publication . Article . Other literature type . 2016

Shining evolutionary light on human sleep and sleep disorders.

Krystal, Andrew; Nunn, CL; Samson, DR; Krystal, AD;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jul 2016
  • Publisher: eScholarship, University of California
  • Country: United States
Abstract
Sleep is essential to cognitive function and health in humans, yet the ultimate reasons for sleep—i.e. ‘why’ sleep evolved—remain mysterious. We integrate findings from human sleep studies, the ethnographic record, and the ecology and evolution of mammalian sleep to better understand sleep along the human lineage and in the modern world. Compared to other primates, sleep in great apes has undergone substantial evolutionary change, with all great apes building a sleeping platform or ‘nest’. Further evolutionary change characterizes human sleep, with humans having the shortest sleep duration, yet the highest proportion of rapid eye movement sleep among primates. T...
Subjects
free text keywords: Sleep apnea, medicine.disease, medicine, Narcolepsy, Psychiatry, medicine.medical_specialty, Evolutionary ecology, Evolutionary medicine, Rapid eye movement sleep, Human evolution, Insomnia, medicine.symptom, Effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance, Developmental psychology, Psychology, Review, sleep disorder, evolutionary mismatch, comparative study, phylogeny, human health, human evolution.
Related Organizations
143 references, page 1 of 10

1 Dinges DF Pack F Williams K Cumulative sleepiness, mood disturbance and psychomotor vigilance performance decrements during aweek of sleep restricted to 4-5 hours per night. Sleep 1997;20:267–77.

2 Durmer JS Dinges DF.Neurocognitive consequences of sleep deprivation. Semin Neurol 2005;25:117–29.15798944 [PubMed]

3 Alhola P Polo-Kantola P.Sleep deprivation: impact on cognitive performance. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2007; 3:553.19300585 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

4 Gangwisch JE.A review of evidence for the link between sleep duration and hypertension. Am J Hypertens 2014;27: 1235–42.24778107 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

5 Chaput J-P McNeil J Després J-P Short sleep duration as a risk factor for the development of the metabolic syndrome in adults. Prevent Med 2013;57:872–7.

6 Haus EL Smolensky MH.Shift work and cancer risk: potential mechanistic roles of circadian disruption, light at night, and sleep deprivation. Sleep Med Rev 2013;17: 273–84.23137527 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

7 Wu M-C Yang Y-C Wu J-S Short sleep duration associated with a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an apparently healthy population. Prevent Med 2012;55:305–9.

8 Faraut B Boudjeltia KZ Vanhamme L Immune, inflammatory and cardiovascular consequences of sleep restriction and recovery. Sleep Med Rev 2012;16:137–49.21835655 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

9 Colten HR Altevogt BM.Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation:An Unmet Public Health Problem. Washington: National Academies Press, 2006.

10 Walch OJ Cochran A Forger DB.A global quantification of “normal” sleep schedules using smartphone data. Sci Adv 2016; 2:e1501705.27386531 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

11 Stranges S Tigbe W Gómez-OlivéFX Sleep problems: an emerging global epidemic? Findings from the indepth who-sage study among more than 40,000 older adults from 8 countries across Africa and Asia. Sleep 2012;35:1173–81.22851813 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

12 Wilson HJ Klimova TM Knuston KL Socio-demographic predictors of sleep complaints in indigenous Siberians with a mixed economy. Am J Phys Anthropol 2015;157:641–7.26059658 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

13 de la Iglesia HO Fernández-Duque E Golombek DA Access to electric light is associated with shorter sleep duration in a traditionally hunter-gatherer community. J Biol Rhythms 2015;30:342–50.26092820 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

14 Xie L Kang H Xu Q Sleep drives metabolite clearance from the adult brain. Science 2013;342:373–7.24136970 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

15 Takahashi Y Kipnis D Daughaday W.Growth hormone secretion during sleep. J Clin Invest 1968;47:2079.5675428 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

143 references, page 1 of 10
Abstract
Sleep is essential to cognitive function and health in humans, yet the ultimate reasons for sleep—i.e. ‘why’ sleep evolved—remain mysterious. We integrate findings from human sleep studies, the ethnographic record, and the ecology and evolution of mammalian sleep to better understand sleep along the human lineage and in the modern world. Compared to other primates, sleep in great apes has undergone substantial evolutionary change, with all great apes building a sleeping platform or ‘nest’. Further evolutionary change characterizes human sleep, with humans having the shortest sleep duration, yet the highest proportion of rapid eye movement sleep among primates. T...
Subjects
free text keywords: Sleep apnea, medicine.disease, medicine, Narcolepsy, Psychiatry, medicine.medical_specialty, Evolutionary ecology, Evolutionary medicine, Rapid eye movement sleep, Human evolution, Insomnia, medicine.symptom, Effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance, Developmental psychology, Psychology, Review, sleep disorder, evolutionary mismatch, comparative study, phylogeny, human health, human evolution.
Related Organizations
143 references, page 1 of 10

1 Dinges DF Pack F Williams K Cumulative sleepiness, mood disturbance and psychomotor vigilance performance decrements during aweek of sleep restricted to 4-5 hours per night. Sleep 1997;20:267–77.

2 Durmer JS Dinges DF.Neurocognitive consequences of sleep deprivation. Semin Neurol 2005;25:117–29.15798944 [PubMed]

3 Alhola P Polo-Kantola P.Sleep deprivation: impact on cognitive performance. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2007; 3:553.19300585 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

4 Gangwisch JE.A review of evidence for the link between sleep duration and hypertension. Am J Hypertens 2014;27: 1235–42.24778107 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

5 Chaput J-P McNeil J Després J-P Short sleep duration as a risk factor for the development of the metabolic syndrome in adults. Prevent Med 2013;57:872–7.

6 Haus EL Smolensky MH.Shift work and cancer risk: potential mechanistic roles of circadian disruption, light at night, and sleep deprivation. Sleep Med Rev 2013;17: 273–84.23137527 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

7 Wu M-C Yang Y-C Wu J-S Short sleep duration associated with a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an apparently healthy population. Prevent Med 2012;55:305–9.

8 Faraut B Boudjeltia KZ Vanhamme L Immune, inflammatory and cardiovascular consequences of sleep restriction and recovery. Sleep Med Rev 2012;16:137–49.21835655 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

9 Colten HR Altevogt BM.Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation:An Unmet Public Health Problem. Washington: National Academies Press, 2006.

10 Walch OJ Cochran A Forger DB.A global quantification of “normal” sleep schedules using smartphone data. Sci Adv 2016; 2:e1501705.27386531 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

11 Stranges S Tigbe W Gómez-OlivéFX Sleep problems: an emerging global epidemic? Findings from the indepth who-sage study among more than 40,000 older adults from 8 countries across Africa and Asia. Sleep 2012;35:1173–81.22851813 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

12 Wilson HJ Klimova TM Knuston KL Socio-demographic predictors of sleep complaints in indigenous Siberians with a mixed economy. Am J Phys Anthropol 2015;157:641–7.26059658 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

13 de la Iglesia HO Fernández-Duque E Golombek DA Access to electric light is associated with shorter sleep duration in a traditionally hunter-gatherer community. J Biol Rhythms 2015;30:342–50.26092820 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

14 Xie L Kang H Xu Q Sleep drives metabolite clearance from the adult brain. Science 2013;342:373–7.24136970 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

15 Takahashi Y Kipnis D Daughaday W.Growth hormone secretion during sleep. J Clin Invest 1968;47:2079.5675428 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

143 references, page 1 of 10
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publication . Article . Other literature type . 2016

Shining evolutionary light on human sleep and sleep disorders.

Krystal, Andrew; Nunn, CL; Samson, DR; Krystal, AD;