publication . Doctoral thesis . 2011

The Effect of Welfare Reform on Women's Marital Bargaining Power

Bird, Mia;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2011
  • Publisher: eScholarship, University of California
  • Country: United States
Abstract
Marital bargaining models predict changes in the policy environment that affect the relative well-being of husbands and wives in divorce will indirectly affect the distribution of power within marriage. This study estimates the effect of 1996 welfare reform policies on the marital bargaining power of women with young children. Although the distribution of marital power cannot be directly observed, I utilize Consumer Expenditure data to infer shifts in bargaining power from changes in family demand. I first differentiate gendered patterns of consumption to create an indicator of relative bargaining power which I call the "male bias." I then use policy variation o...
Subjects
free text keywords: Public policy, gender, poverty, social safety net, welfare reform
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