publication . Article . 2015

Hybrid hydrogen-battery systems for renewable off-grid telecom power

D. Scamman; M. Newborough; H. Bustamante;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Oct 2015 Journal: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, volume 40, pages 13,876-13,887 (issn: 0360-3199, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: United Kingdom
Off-grid hybrid systems, based on the integration of hydrogen technologies (electrolysers, hydrogen stores and fuel cells) with battery and wind/solar power technologies, are proposed for satisfying the continuous power demands of telecom remote base stations. A model was developed to investigate the preferred role for electrolytic hydrogen within a hybrid system; the analysis focused on powering a 1 kW telecom load in three locations of distinct wind and solar resource availability. When compared with otherwise equivalent off-grid renewable energy systems employing only battery energy storage, the results show that the integration of a 1 kW fuel cell and a 1.6 ...
free text keywords: Fuel Technology, Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Energy Engineering and Power Technology, Condensed Matter Physics, Telecom; Off-grid; Electrolysis; Hybrid hydrogen-battery energy storage; Renewable storage
Related Organizations
34 references, page 1 of 3

[1] International Energy Agency, “Technology Roadmap: Solar Photovoltaic Energy,” Paris, 2014.

[2] International Energy Agency, “Africa Energy Outlook,” Paris, 2014.

[3] Fuel Cell Today, “Fuel Cells and Hydrogen in China,” 2012.

[4] W. Margaret Amutha and V. Rajini, “Techno-economic evaluation of various hybrid power systems for rural telecom,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 43, p. 553-561, 2015.

[5] G. Bruni, S. Cordiner, V. Mulone, A. Giordani, M. Savino, G. Tomarchio, T. Malkow, G. Tsotridis, S. Bodker, J. Jensen, R. Bianchi and G. Picciotti, “Fuel cell based power systems to supply power to Telecom Stations,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 39, no. 36, p. 21767-21777, 2014. [OpenAIRE]

[6] K.-A. Adamson and C. Wheelock, “Off-Grid Power for Mobile Base Stations,” Navigant Consulting, Inc, 2013.

[7] R. Wagner, “Chapter 7 - Stationary applications. I. Lead-acid batteries for telecommunications and UPS,” in Industrial Applications of Batteries, M. Broussely and G. Pistoia, Eds., Amsterdam, Elsevier B.V., 2007, p. 395-454.

[8] S. S. Misra, “Advances in VRLA battery technology for telecommunications,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 168, no. 1, p. 40-48, 2007.

[9] E. Varkaraki, N. Lymberopoulos and A. Zachariou, “Hydrogen based emergency back-up system for telecommunication applications,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 118, no. 1-2, p. 14-22, 2003. [OpenAIRE]

[10] Fuel Cell Today, “First Sale of Acta's Integrated Fuel Cell-Electrolyser Backup Power System,” 28 May 2013.

[11] International Energy Agency, “Photovoltaic Power System Programme Implementing Agreement on Photovoltaic Power Systems: Task 3 - Testing of batteries used in stand-alone PV power supply systems. Report IEA PVPS T3-11,” IEA PVPS, Paris, 2002.

[12] J. Runyon, “Keeping up with energy storage,” Renewable Energy World, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 60-68, 2014.

[13] J. Schiffer, D. U. Sauer, H. Bindner, T. Cronin, P. Lundsager and R. Kaiser, “Model prediction for ranking lead-acid batteries according to expected lifetime in renewable energy systems and autonomous power-supply systems,” J. Power Sources, vol. 168, no. 1, p. 66-78, 2007.

[14] S. Hua, Q. Zhou, D. Kong and J. Ma, “Application of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries for storage of solar electricity in stand-alone photovoltaic systems in the northwest areas of China,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 158, no. 2, p. 1178-1185, 2006.

[15] R. Kaiser, “Optimized battery-management system to improve storage lifetime in renewable energy systems,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 168, no. 1, p. 58-65, 2007.

34 references, page 1 of 3
Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue