publication . Article . 2015

Copper processing in the oases of northwest Arabia: technology, alloys and provenance

Thilo Rehren; Siran Liu; Ernst Pernicka;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2015 Journal: Journal of Archaeological Science, volume 53, pages 492-503 (issn: 0305-4403, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: United Kingdom
AbstractVery little is known about early metallurgical activity in the north-western part of the Arabian Peninsula, despite the region's cultural importance. To begin to address this research lacuna, metallurgical remains including crucible fragments, metal dross and a copper artefact were sampled from two oases in northwest Arabia, Qurayyah and Tayma. The metallurgical activity in Qurayyah is dated to the Late Bronze Age, and in Tayma to the Roman/Late Roman period. At both sites we identified evidence for copper alloying and refining. Small scale copper smelting might also have been practiced in Qurayyah. Arsenical copper was processed at both sites, but in Ta...
free text keywords: Archaeology, History, Archaeometallurgy, Copper smelting, Arsenical copper, Bronze alloying, Saudi Arabia, Late Bronze Age, Roman, Arabian Peninsula, Archaeometallurgy, copper smelting, arsenical copper, bronze alloying, Saudi Arabia, Late Bronze Age, Roman
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Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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