Electronic cigarette use patterns and reasons for use among smokers recently diagnosed with cancer

Article English OPEN
Kalkhoran, Sara ; Kruse, Gina R. ; Rigotti, Nancy A. ; Rabin, Julia ; Ostroff, Jamie S. ; Park, Elyse R. (2018)
  • Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc.
  • Journal: Cancer Medicine, volume 7, issue 7, pages 3,484-3,491 (eissn: 2045-7634)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC6051164, doi: 10.1002/cam4.1585
  • Subject: Original Research | Cancer Prevention | Original Research | electronic cigarettes | neoplasms | smoking | tobacco | tobacco use disorder

Abstract Many patients with cancer use electronic cigarettes (e‐cigarettes), yet little is known about patterns and reasons for use. Using cross‐sectional baseline data from a randomized controlled trial, we aimed to describe prevalence and correlates of e‐cigarette use, frequency of use, and reasons for use among smokers recently diagnosed with cancer. Participants (n = 302) included adults (age ≥18 years) recently diagnosed with varied cancer types who smoked ≥1 cigarette within the past 30‐d from two US academic medical centers. Participants reported ever and current e‐cigarette use, and current e‐cigarette users reported days of e‐cigarette use and the main reason for use. We compared current, former, and never e‐cigarette users by sociodemographics, cancer type, medical comorbidities, smoking behaviors, attitudes, and emotional symptoms, and described use among current e‐cigarette users. Of smokers recently diagnosed with cancer, 49% (n = 149) reported ever e‐cigarette use and 19% (n = 56) reported current use. Of current e‐cigarette users, 29% (n = 16) reported daily use. Current e‐cigarette users did not differ from former and never e‐cigarette users by cancer type, smoking behaviors, or emotional symptoms. Women were more likely to be current users than never users, and current e‐cigarette users had less education than former users. Most current e‐cigarette users reported using them to help quit smoking (75%). One in five smokers with cancer report current e‐cigarette use, but most are not using e‐cigarettes daily. The majority report using e‐cigarettes to quit smoking. E‐cigarette use by patients with cancer appears to reflect a desire to quit smoking.