Evaluation of interleukin-1β and 8 in gutka chewers with periodontitis among a rural Indian population

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Jacob, Pulikkotil Shaju; Nath, Sonia; Patel, Ritu Prabha;

Purpose Smokeless tobacco-based oral-use products like gutka are popular in India. Gutka usage leads to increased periodontal destruction and inflammation; however, the relevant mechanism remains unknown. This study aimed to elucidate the role of gutka in periodontitis ... View more
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