Comparative tumor promotion assessment of e‐cigarette and cigarettes using the in vitro Bhas 42 cell transformation assay

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Breheny, Damien; Oke, Oluwatobiloba; Pant, Kamala; Gaça, Marianna; Umbezeiro, G.;

In vitro cell transformation assays (CTA) are used to assess the carcinogenic potential of chemicals and complex mixtures and can detect nongenotoxic as well as genotoxic carcinogens. The Bhas 42 CTA has been developed with both initiation and promotion protocols to dis... View more
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