publication . Article . 2013

fatal school shootings and the epidemiological context of firearm mortality in the united states

Shultz, James M; Cohen, Alyssa M; Muschert, Glenn W; Flores de Apodaca, Roberto;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Apr 2013 Journal: Disaster Health, volume 1, pages 84-101 (issn: 2166-5044, eissn: 2166-5052, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Background The December 14, 2012 mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, USA, vaulted concerns regarding gun violence to the forefront of public attention. This high-visibility incident occurred within the epidemiological context of U.S. firearm mortality that claims more than 88 lives daily. Methods National epidemiologic data on firearm deaths over two decades were analyzed along with data registries on school shootings in order to place the tragedy at Sandy Hook in perspective. School shootings were classified as random or targeted. Results The U.S. has the highest rates of firearm deaths, suicides, and homicides among the world...
free text keywords: Homicide, Criminology, Epidemiology, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Geography, Public attention, Gun violence, Research Paper, school shootings, rampage shootings, shooting massacres, mass shootings, firearm homicides
78 references, page 1 of 6

1 Wikipedia. Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

2 Larkin RW. The Columbine legacy: Rampage shootings as political acts. Am Behav Sci 2009; 52:1309 - 26; [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

3 Wikipedia. 2011 Norway Attacks. The Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

4 Newtown Shooter Motivated by Norway Massacre Sources Say. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

5 Shultz JM, Muschert GW, Dingwall A, Cohen AM. The Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting as tipping point: “This time Is different. Disaster Health 2013; [OpenAIRE]

6 The White House. Progress Report on the President’s Executive Actions to Reduce Gun Violence, 17 April 2013. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

7 The White House. Remarks by t he President in the State of the Union Address, 12 February, 2013. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

8 The White House. Weekly Address: Sandy Hook Victim’s Mother Calls for Commonsense Gun Responsibility Reforms. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

9 Schildkraut J, Muschert GW. Violent media, guns, and mental illness: The three ring circus of causal factors for school massacres, as related in media discourse. In: Agger B, Luke T (eds.): Gun Violence and Public Life. St. Paul, MN: Paradigm Publishing, 2013.

10 Birkland TA, Lawrence RG. Media framing and policy change after Columbine. Am Behav Sci 2009; 52:1405 - 25; [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

11 Cillizza C. The gun debate: Are the Newtown, Conn., killings a tipping point? The Washington Post, 16 December 2012. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

12 Norris FH. Impact of mass shooting on survivors, families, and communities. PTSD Research Quarterly 2007; 18:1 - 7

13 Hoyert DL, Xu JQ. Deaths: Preliminary data for 2011. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2012; 61(6):1-50. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

14 International Monetary Fund. World Economic Outlook: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain: A Survey by the Staff of the International Monetary Fund. Washington, DC, April, 2012, pages 177-180. ISBN 978-1-61635-246-2. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

15 Sydney School of Public Health. Website: International Firearm Injury Prevention and Policy. University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

78 references, page 1 of 6
Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue