publication . Other literature type . Article . 2009

Sugar and Fat Bingeing Have Notable Differences in Addictive-like Behavior

Nicole M. Avena; Pedro Rada; Bartley G. Hoebel;
  • Published: 28 Jan 2009
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Abstract
Ingestion of different nutrients, such as fats and sugars, normally produces different effects on physiology, the brain, and behavior. However, they do share certain neural pathways for reinforcement of behavior, including the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system. When these nutrients are consumed in the form of binges, this can release excessive DA, which causes compensatory changes that are comparable to the effects of drugs of abuse. In this article, we review data obtained with animal models of fat and sugar bingeing. The concept of “food addiction” is described and reviewed from both clinical and laboratory animal perspectives. Behavioral manifestations of addic...
Subjects
free text keywords: Symposium—Food Addiction: Fact or Fiction?, Nutrition and Dietetics, Medicine (miscellaneous), Eating disorders, medicine.disease, medicine, Yale Food Addiction Scale, Obesity, Biochemistry, Sugar, Taste, Binge eating, medicine.symptom, Addiction, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Food addiction, Biology
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publication . Other literature type . Article . 2009

Sugar and Fat Bingeing Have Notable Differences in Addictive-like Behavior

Nicole M. Avena; Pedro Rada; Bartley G. Hoebel;