publication . Other literature type . Article . 2017

Pathobiology of Clade 2.3.4.4 H5Nx High-Pathogenicity Avian Influenza Virus Infections in Minor Gallinaceous Poultry Supports Early Backyard Flock Introductions in the Western United States in 2014-2015

Kateri Bertran; Dong-Hun Lee; Mary J. Pantin-Jackwood; Erica Spackman; Charles Balzli; David L. Suarez; David E. Swayne;
Open Access English
  • Published: 09 Aug 2017
  • Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Abstract
<jats:title>ABSTRACT</jats:title> <jats:p>In 2014 and 2015, the United States experienced an unprecedented outbreak of Eurasian clade 2.3.4.4 H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus. Initial cases affected mainly wild birds and mixed backyard poultry species, while later outbreaks affected mostly commercial chickens and turkeys. The pathogenesis, transmission, and intrahost evolutionary dynamics of initial Eurasian H5N8 and reassortant H5N2 clade 2.3.4.4 HPAI viruses in the United States were investigated in minor gallinaceous poultry species (i.e., species for which the U.S. commercial industries are small), namely, Japanese quail, bobwhite quail, pea...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: viruses
free text keywords: Pathogenesis and Immunity, Immunology, Insect Science, Microbiology, Virology, Host (biology), Virus, Biology, Clade, Waterfowl, biology.organism_classification, Viral shedding, Bobwhite quail, Flock, Outbreak
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publication . Other literature type . Article . 2017

Pathobiology of Clade 2.3.4.4 H5Nx High-Pathogenicity Avian Influenza Virus Infections in Minor Gallinaceous Poultry Supports Early Backyard Flock Introductions in the Western United States in 2014-2015

Kateri Bertran; Dong-Hun Lee; Mary J. Pantin-Jackwood; Erica Spackman; Charles Balzli; David L. Suarez; David E. Swayne;