publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015

Land use intensification alters ecosystem multifunctionality via loss of biodiversity and changes to functional composition

Eric Allan;
Closed Access English
  • Published: 22 Jun 2015
Abstract
Abstract Global change, especially land‐use intensification, affects human well‐being by impacting the delivery of multiple ecosystem services (multifunctionality). However, whether biodiversity loss is a major component of global change effects on multifunctionality in real‐world ecosystems, as in experimental ones, remains unclear. Therefore, we assessed biodiversity, functional composition and 14 ecosystem services on 150 agricultural grasslands differing in land‐use intensity. We also introduce five multifunctionality measures in which ecosystem services were weighted according to realistic land‐use objectives. We found that indirect land‐use effects, i.e. t...
Subjects
free text keywords: Institut für Biochemie und Biologie, Institute of Geography, 910 Geography & travel, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Agriculture, business.industry, business, Global change, Provisioning, Ecosystem, Ecology, Land use, Ecosystem services, Biodiversity, Grassland, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography, Biology, 580 Plants (Botany), 910 Geography & travel, biodiversity–ecosystem functioning, multifunctionality, 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik::570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie::577 Ökologie, Letter, Letters
Funded by
SNSF| Nitrogen and Phosphorus Cycling (D-A-CH/LAE)
Project
  • Funder: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)
  • Project Code: 200020E-147489
  • Funding stream: Project funding | Project funding (Div. I-III)
47 references, page 1 of 4

Allan, E., Bossdorf, O., Dormann, C.F., Prati, D., Gossner, M.M., Tscharntke, T. et al. (2014). Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 111, 308-313.

Balvanera, P., Siddique, I., Dee, L., Paquette, A., Isbell, F., Gonzalez, A. et al. (2014). Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: current uncertainties and the necessary next steps. Bioscience, 64, 49-57.

Benayas, J.M.R., Newton, A.C., Diaz, A. & Bullock, J.M. (2009). Enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services by ecological restoration: a meta-analysis. Science, 325, 1121-1124. [OpenAIRE]

Blu€thgen, N., Dormann, C.F., Prati, D., Klaus, V.H., Kleinebecker, T., Ho€lzel, N. et al. (2012). A quantitative index of land-use intensity in grasslands: integrating mowing, grazing and fertilization. Basic Appl. Ecol., 13, 207-220.

Bradford, M.A., Wood, S.A., Bardgett, R.D., Black, Helaina I.J., Bonkowski, M., Eggers, T. et al. (2014). Discontinuity in the responses of ecosystem processes and multifunctionality to altered soil community composition. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 111, 14478-14483.

Byrnes, J.E.K., Gamfeldt, L., Isbell, F., Lefcheck, J.S., Griffin, J.N., Hector, A. et al. (2013). Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality: challenges and solutions. Methods Ecol. Evol., 5, 111-124.

Cadotte, M.W. (2013). Experimental evidence that evolutionarily diverse assemblages result in higher productivity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 110, 8996-9000. [OpenAIRE]

Cardinale, B.J., Duffy, J.E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D.U., Perrings, C., Venail, P. et al. (2012). Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 486, 59-67.

Cousins, S.A.O. & Eriksson, O. (2002). The influence of management history and habitat on plant species richness in a rural hemiboreal landscape, Sweden. Landscape Ecol., 17, 517-529.

Creed, R.P., Cherry, R.P., Pflaum, J.R. & Wood, C.J. (2009). Dominant species can produce a negative relationship between species diversity and ecosystem function. Oikos, 118, 723-732. [OpenAIRE]

Dornbush, M.E. & Wilsey, B.J. (2010). Experimental manipulation of soil depth alters species richness and co-occurrence in restored tallgrass prairie. J. Ecol., 98, 117-125.

Ellenberg, H. (1988). Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Fischer, M., Bossdorf, O., Gockel, S., Ha€nsel, F., Hemp, A., Hessenmo€ller, D. et al. (2010). Implementing large-scale and long-term functional biodiversity research: the Biodiversity Exploratories. Basic Appl. Ecol., 11, 473-485. [OpenAIRE]

Flynn, D.F.B., Mirotchnick, N., Jain, M., Palmer, M.I. & Naeem, S. (2011). Functional and phylogenetic diversity as predictors of biodiversity-ecosystem-function relationships. Ecology, 92, 1573-1581.

Foley, J.A., DeFries, R., Asner, G.P., Barford, C., Bonan, G., Carpenter, S.R. et al. (2005). Global consequences of land use. Science, 309, 570- 574.

47 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
Abstract Global change, especially land‐use intensification, affects human well‐being by impacting the delivery of multiple ecosystem services (multifunctionality). However, whether biodiversity loss is a major component of global change effects on multifunctionality in real‐world ecosystems, as in experimental ones, remains unclear. Therefore, we assessed biodiversity, functional composition and 14 ecosystem services on 150 agricultural grasslands differing in land‐use intensity. We also introduce five multifunctionality measures in which ecosystem services were weighted according to realistic land‐use objectives. We found that indirect land‐use effects, i.e. t...
Subjects
free text keywords: Institut für Biochemie und Biologie, Institute of Geography, 910 Geography & travel, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Agriculture, business.industry, business, Global change, Provisioning, Ecosystem, Ecology, Land use, Ecosystem services, Biodiversity, Grassland, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography, Biology, 580 Plants (Botany), 910 Geography & travel, biodiversity–ecosystem functioning, multifunctionality, 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik::570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie::577 Ökologie, Letter, Letters
Funded by
SNSF| Nitrogen and Phosphorus Cycling (D-A-CH/LAE)
Project
  • Funder: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)
  • Project Code: 200020E-147489
  • Funding stream: Project funding | Project funding (Div. I-III)
47 references, page 1 of 4

Allan, E., Bossdorf, O., Dormann, C.F., Prati, D., Gossner, M.M., Tscharntke, T. et al. (2014). Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 111, 308-313.

Balvanera, P., Siddique, I., Dee, L., Paquette, A., Isbell, F., Gonzalez, A. et al. (2014). Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: current uncertainties and the necessary next steps. Bioscience, 64, 49-57.

Benayas, J.M.R., Newton, A.C., Diaz, A. & Bullock, J.M. (2009). Enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services by ecological restoration: a meta-analysis. Science, 325, 1121-1124. [OpenAIRE]

Blu€thgen, N., Dormann, C.F., Prati, D., Klaus, V.H., Kleinebecker, T., Ho€lzel, N. et al. (2012). A quantitative index of land-use intensity in grasslands: integrating mowing, grazing and fertilization. Basic Appl. Ecol., 13, 207-220.

Bradford, M.A., Wood, S.A., Bardgett, R.D., Black, Helaina I.J., Bonkowski, M., Eggers, T. et al. (2014). Discontinuity in the responses of ecosystem processes and multifunctionality to altered soil community composition. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 111, 14478-14483.

Byrnes, J.E.K., Gamfeldt, L., Isbell, F., Lefcheck, J.S., Griffin, J.N., Hector, A. et al. (2013). Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality: challenges and solutions. Methods Ecol. Evol., 5, 111-124.

Cadotte, M.W. (2013). Experimental evidence that evolutionarily diverse assemblages result in higher productivity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 110, 8996-9000. [OpenAIRE]

Cardinale, B.J., Duffy, J.E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D.U., Perrings, C., Venail, P. et al. (2012). Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 486, 59-67.

Cousins, S.A.O. & Eriksson, O. (2002). The influence of management history and habitat on plant species richness in a rural hemiboreal landscape, Sweden. Landscape Ecol., 17, 517-529.

Creed, R.P., Cherry, R.P., Pflaum, J.R. & Wood, C.J. (2009). Dominant species can produce a negative relationship between species diversity and ecosystem function. Oikos, 118, 723-732. [OpenAIRE]

Dornbush, M.E. & Wilsey, B.J. (2010). Experimental manipulation of soil depth alters species richness and co-occurrence in restored tallgrass prairie. J. Ecol., 98, 117-125.

Ellenberg, H. (1988). Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Fischer, M., Bossdorf, O., Gockel, S., Ha€nsel, F., Hemp, A., Hessenmo€ller, D. et al. (2010). Implementing large-scale and long-term functional biodiversity research: the Biodiversity Exploratories. Basic Appl. Ecol., 11, 473-485. [OpenAIRE]

Flynn, D.F.B., Mirotchnick, N., Jain, M., Palmer, M.I. & Naeem, S. (2011). Functional and phylogenetic diversity as predictors of biodiversity-ecosystem-function relationships. Ecology, 92, 1573-1581.

Foley, J.A., DeFries, R., Asner, G.P., Barford, C., Bonan, G., Carpenter, S.R. et al. (2005). Global consequences of land use. Science, 309, 570- 574.

47 references, page 1 of 4
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