publication . Article . Conference object . 2017

Do Employers Prefer Fathers? Evidence from a Field Experiment Testing the Gender by Parenthood Interaction Effect on Callbacks to Job Applications

Magnus Bygren; Anni Erlandsson; Michael Gähler;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2017 Journal: European Sociological Review, volume 33, pages 337-348 (issn: 0266-7215, eissn: 1468-2672, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
  • Country: Sweden
Abstract
In research on fatherhood premiums and motherhood penalties in career-related outcomes, employers discriminatory behaviours are often argued to constitute a possible explanation for observed gender gaps. However, there is as yet no conclusive evidence of such discrimination. Utilizing a field experiment design, we test (i) whether job applicants are subject to recruitment discrimination on the basis of their gender and parenthood status, and (ii) whether discrimination by gender and parenthood is conditional on the qualifications required by the job applied for. We applied for 2,144 jobs in the Swedish labour market, randomly assigning gender and parenthood stat...
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free text keywords: Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology), Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi), Social psychology, Interaction, Psychology, Job applications
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