publication . Article . 2013

Sweden-Norway at the Berlin Conference 1884-85 : History, national identity-making and Sweden's relations with Africa

Nilsson, David;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2013
  • Publisher: KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö
  • Country: Sweden
Abstract
The international image of Sweden is one of a small, democratic and peace-loving country without the moral burden of a colonial past. This image has been reproduced in Swedish government policy as well as in most historical accounts. However, in this Current African Issues publication, the notion that “Sweden lacks a colonial past in Africa” is brought into question. The Berlin Conference 1884-85 is perhaps the most infamous political event in the history of European domination of Africa. At the conference, the rules for colonisation of Africa were agreed upon among a handful of white men. With the blessing of King Oscar II, the united kingdoms of Sweden-Norway ...
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free text keywords: History, Historia
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71 references, page 1 of 5

Appendix 4 transcript of letter from King Leopold II of Belgium, to Oscar II, dated 23/12 /1884.

rA: Ud1902, Vol 4617b .......................................................................................................... 51 Appendix 3 transcript of draft letter from King Oscar II to Leopold II of Belgium, dated 4/1/1885.

rA: Ud1902, Vol 4617b ...........................................................................................................52

1. ”Kongo som stat är en kolonial konstruktion, där gränserna stakades ut utan hänsyn till dem som bodde där. Vid Berlinkonferensen 1884-1885 tillföll den så kallade Kongofristaten den belgiska kungen Leopold II som såg landet som sin privata egendom. Hans skräckvälde upphörde 1908 då kolonin togs över av den belgiska staten.” From http://www.sida.se/Svenska/Lander--regioner/Afrika/Demokratiska-Republiken-Kongo/Lar-kanna-DemokratiskaRepubliken-Kongo-/ accessed 2013-04-17. My translation.

2. The findings presented here form part of a research project called “Sweden and the Ori - gins of Natural Resources Colonialism: Exploring a Small Country's Interest in the Arctic, Africa and Caucasus, 1870-1930,” with funding from Vetenskapsrådet (Swedish Research Council). The project is based at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), division of His - tory of Science, Technology and Environment.

3. Yngfalk, Carl. Sverige och den Europeiska kolonialpolitiken i Afrika. En studie av utrikesministeriets och opinionens bemötande av Berlinkonferensen 1884-85 och Kongofrågan 1903. D-uppsats. Historiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet, 2005 (unpublished).

4. ”Mycket gerna. Jag förutsätter att Bildt får uppdraget. Oscar.” Kung Oscar till Utrikesministern, 20 Okt 1884. RA: UD1902, Vol 4617a.

5. Bildt to Hochschild, 7/10/1884. RA: UD 1902, Vol 4617 a: Kongokonferensen i Berlin 1884-85 för ordnandet av handelsförhållandena i Vest-Afrika m m.

6. Not från Tyska regeringen till beskickningen i Berlin, 11/10/1884. RA: UD 1902, Vol 4617a.

7. Bildt to Hochschild, 12/10/1884. RA: UD 1902, Vol 4617a.

8. Swedish legation in London to Hochschild, 15/10/1884. RA: UD 1902, Vol 4617a.

49. Bildt to Hochschild, 27/10/1884. RA: UD1902, Vol 4617a.

50. Oscar to Bildt, 7/12/1884. RA: Gillis Bildts arkiv, Vol 1. A transcript of the letter (in Swedish) is attached in appendix 3.

51. Brevkoncept, Bildt to Oscar 17/12/1884. RA: Gillis Bildts arkiv, Vol 1.

52. Bildt to Hochschild, ”enskildt,” 27/12/1884.RA: UD1902, Vol 4617a.

71 references, page 1 of 5
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