publication . Article . 2009

A Century of Synthetic Fertilizer: 1909-2009

Paull, John;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2009
  • Publisher: Bio-Dynamics Tasmania
This year marks a centenary of the synthetic fertilizer industry. German chemists, Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch, in 1909 demonstrated their industrial process for the manufacture of ammonia. The achievement won them accolades including Nobel Prizes. The output of their Haber-Bosch process can be used for either peace or war, agriculture or munitions, and the rapid adoption by Germany of this industrial process is credited with prolonging WW1. Most of the synthetic nitrogenous fertilizer of the past century, and right up to the present, has been manufactured using the Haber-Bosch process. The use of synthetic fertilizers has led to significant negative environmenta...
free text keywords: Environmental aspects, History of organics, Switzerland, Farming Systems, Farm nutrient management, Germany, Europe
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Article . 2009
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