A multi-institutional planning team headed by Coast Development Authority (CDA) in Kenya initiated an Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) process in 1994. The pilot study site was Nyali-Bamburi-Shanzu area in Mombasa. The objective was to provide a starting point for addressing urgent coastal issues facing the area and to enrich the dialogue on how to address urgent coastal management problems nationwide. The pertinent coastal issues that were profiled in a participatory and interactive way were rapid urbanization, decline in fisheries production and in water quality, erosion of the shoreline, degradations of coastal ecosystems and resource use conflicts.
free text keywords: Coastal zone management, Coastal erosion, Marine pollution