publication . Article . 2019

עד כמה "חכמת האלוהות" בימי הביניים הייתה באמת מדעית?: התוכן הדו-ערכי של "חכמת האלוהות

Rothschild, Jean-Pierre;
Hebrew
  • Published: 01 Jan 2019
  • Publisher: HAL CCSD
  • Country: France
Abstract
International audience; Following the pattern of Marie-Dominique Chenu’s La théologie comme science au XIIIe siècle is researched here the link between theology and science according to Jewish medieval theologians (Saadia Gaon, Judah ha-Levi, Maimonides, Gersonides, Hasdai Crescas and Joseph Albo), beginning with definitions by Bahya Ibn Paquda, Maimonides and the Israeli scholar Dov Schwartz and using the following criteria : what the « truth » of the Revelation means ; the way the Holy Writ expresses its teachings ; the nature of its « wisdom » ; dialectical discourse and truth ; logical nature and role of the so-called principles of faith ; the use of logics in the theological discourse. There exists a watershed of sorts between those thinkers according to which the contents of Revelation and (Aristotelian) science were the same (using other words and a different order), notwithstanding a few apparent incompatibilities, and those who thought that the two forms of knowledge were deeply different.
Subjects
free text keywords: Jewish medieval theology, Jewish medieval philosophy, Dilaectics and truth, Maimonides, Maïmonide, Dialectique et vérité, Théologie juive médiévale, Philosophie juive médiévale, [SHS.PHIL]Humanities and Social Sciences/Philosophy, [SHS.LITT]Humanities and Social Sciences/Literature, [SHS.RELIG]Humanities and Social Sciences/Religions
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