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Strumenti cartografici per la storia dei luoghi

Authors: Nurra, Federico;

Strumenti cartografici per la storia dei luoghi

Abstract

L’objet de cette thèse de doctorat est une plate-forme de cartographie en ligne à l’échelle mondiale basée sur les protocoles d'échange XML et des normes standardisées.L’accent a été mis sur les spécifications minimales que les données archéologiques devraient avoir afin d’être uniformes et interopérables et, surtout, sur les caractéristiques géométriques et cartographiques qui permettraient la production d'une cartographie archéologique homogène. Jusqu’à présent, les propositions pour la production de la cartographie archéologique ont été élaborées à l'échelle locale, régionale, nationale ou, à de rares exceptions près, continentale.Grâce aux récents progrès des technologies de l’information, il est maintenant possible de créer une plate-forme ouverte pour la mise en œuvre, le stockage, l’échange, la discussion et la vérification de données archéologiques spatiales à l’échelle mondiale.Nous avons identifié les principales catégories pour l’acquisition de données archéologiques, en définissant les normes minimales de conformité des données, sans toutefois banaliser les données elles-mêmes, en évitant ainsi une perte dangereuse d’informations historico-topographiques. L’identification des quatre coordonnées des objets acquis et d’un ensemble minimal de données descriptives, plus un ensemble de métadonnées, a été fondamentale.La proposition consiste donc à développer une plateforme de cartographie en ligne, ouverte et collaborative, pour le positionnement et la représentation des vestiges archéologiques ; une sorte de « cadastre », et une base de connaissances analytique et détaillée pour aider, soutenir et traiter chaque étude territoriale.

The issue of this PhD thesis is a Web Mapping platform on a global scale based on XML interchange protocols and accepted standards.The focus was on the minimum specifications that the archaeological data should have in order to be uniform and interoperable, and above all, on the geometric and cartographic characteristics that would allow the production of a homogeneous archaeological mapping. Until this moment, the proposals for the production of archaeological cartography have been developed at local, regional, national or, with rare exceptions, continental scale.Thanks to recent advances in information technology, it is now possible to create an open platform for the implementation, storage, exchange, discussion and verification of spatial archaeological data on a global scale.We have identified the primary categories for the acquisition of archaeological data, by defining the minimum standards of compliance of the data, without, however, trivialize the data themselves, thus avoiding a dangerous loss of historical-topographical information. The identification of the four coordinates of objects acquired and a minimum data set of attributes, plus a set of metadata was fundamental.The proposal is therefore the development of a Web Mapping platform, open and collaborative, for positioning and representation of archaeological remains, a sort of "cadaster", and an analytical and detailed knowledge base to assist, support and address each territorial study.

Country
France
Keywords

[SHS.ARCHI]Humanities and Social Sciences/Architecture, space management, [SHS.ARCHEO] Humanities and Social Sciences/Archaeology and Prehistory, urbanisme, [SHS.ARCHEO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Archaeology and Prehistory, archaeological map, topographie antique, cartographie archéologique, [SHS.ARCHI] Humanities and Social Sciences/Architecture, space management, GIS, SIG, ancient topography, webmapping, urban planning

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
Green