publication . Thesis . 2016

The accessibility of memory items in children’s working memory

Roome, Hannah;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2016
  • Publisher: Lancaster University
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
This thesis investigates the processes and systems that support recall in working memory. In particular it seeks to apply ideas from the adult-based dual-memory framework (Unsworth & Engle, 2007b) that claims primary memory and secondary memory are independent contributors to working memory capacity. These two memory systems are described as domain-general processes that combine control of attention and basic memory abilities to retain information. The empirical contribution comprises five experiments that specify how adults and children access, manage and report memory representations held in working memory. They provide a developmental perspective of the chara...
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6.1 A schematic of the clustered and non-clustered versions of the conceptual span task................................................................................................................................ 168 6.2 The proportion of correct recall as a function of serial position and age (A); The proportion of correct recall as a function of task section and experiment version (B). Error bars represent one standard error from the mean.................................... 172 6.3 The proportion of correct recall as a function serial position and the two versions of the conceptual span task. Error bars represent one standard error from the mean. ............................................................................................................................ 174 3.1 The mean age of participants in Experiment 2 in the modified and the modalityspecific serialinterleaveditemstasks(SI ITs). ................................................................. 85 3.2 Descriptive statistics of three experimental measures as a function of experiment version, presentation modality and age (one standard error)...................................... 88 3.3 The correlational analysis between all experimental measures. The lower triangle reports the partial correlations controlling for age............................................. 93

4.1 The mean number of items recalled as a function of modality, memory system and age. (one standard error from the mean). ........................................................114

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