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Rex Dacie / regina Dacie. Contributions à l’étude de l’idéologie monarchique danoise à la fin du Moyen Âge

Authors: Muresan, Dan Ioan;

Rex Dacie / regina Dacie. Contributions à l’étude de l’idéologie monarchique danoise à la fin du Moyen Âge

Abstract

Part of the project "Migrating Dacia" © All right reserved -Dan Ioan Mureşan 2019 Rex Dacie / regina Dacie. Contributions to the history of Danish monarchic ideology at the end of Middle AgesBased on previous geographical confusions in Norman and Danish historiography in the 11th-12th centuries, the official creation of "Northern Dacia" pertains to the Roman Church, specifically to Pope Paschal II, simultaneously with the elevation in archbishopric of the siege of Lund, “metropolis Dacie”, in 1103/1104. By transforming Denmark in a "regnum Dacie", we argue, the Roman Church “provincialized” it as a part of the new Christian Roman Empire of the Church, in the same way ancient Dacia was a province of the classical Roman Empire. From then on, “Dacia” in a restricted sense designates from the Danish kingdom, while it regards in an extended meaning the Church province of Scandinavia. The crisis of this medieval political and ecclesiastical terminology is thereafter put under closer scrutiny, starting with the making of the Union of Kalmar in 1397 and Eric VII’s reign. The official visits of Christian I and Dorothea in Italy and Rome in 1474, 1475 and 1488, as “Rex Dacie” and “Regina Dacie”, are here studied in some detail as the turning point when “Baltic Dacia” became part of a comprehensive European political and cartographic representation. Put in their genuine context, the few documents concerning a “Re de Dacia” starting with 1489 – recently claimed to be identified allegedly with Stephan the Great of Moldavia – concern in reality exclusively the sovereigns of medieval Denmark. A rich selection of representative pontifical, imperial and Italian written sources as well as iconographic and cartographic documents is convoked here in order to highlight this reality. At the end of this evolution, King Christian III, breaking the ties with Rome in 1536-1537, officially abolished the name of “Dacia” as well, and replaced it with the new modern title of “Regnum Danie”, under the intellectual authority of the “national” Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus, rediscovered and published by the great scholar Christiern Pedersen, “the father of the Danish language”, in 1514. Humanism and Reform were thus unmaking the pontifical myth of “Northern Dacia”, still remembered in the name of the Scandinavian province of the mendicant orders. Recent works on the genesis of the idea of Dacia in Romanian culture show unmistakably that this is discovered only during the reign of Petru Rareş, thanks to his connections with the Archbishopric of Ohrid. Incidentally, yet somehow symbolically, the last Catholic archbishop of Lund “in Dacia”, John of Weeze, played a crucial role in forming the anti-Ottoman alliance between Petru Rareş and Emperor Charles V.

Keywords

pontifical diplomacy, historical myths, Denmark, [SHS.HIST] Humanities and Social Sciences/History, political ideology, Stephen the Great, regnum Dacie, Moldavia, [SHS] Humanities and Social Sciences, Dacia

12 references, page 1 of 2

Sever Dumitrașcu, Sorin Șipoș, Academicianul Nicolae Edroiu (1939-2018)................................................. 11

Ioan Lumperdean, Profesorul Nicolae Edroiu: cumpătare, conștiinciozitate și competență ............................ 18

Pr. Ioan Chirilă, Prof. Dr. Nicolae Edroiu - un dascăl al liniștii sufletului meu............................................... 20 1. Descoperirile de la Qumran între anii 1970-1980................................................................................................ 20

și memoria instituțională a Imperiului în Ostsiedlung......................................................................................... 43

Câteva date noi despre impactul Reformei la românii ardeleni în a două jumătate a secolului al XVI-lea ....... 186 1. Politica ecleziastică a lui Ioan Sigismund și românii ....................................................................................... 186 2. Episcopul Sava: martir, sau pribeag? ................................................................................................................. 190 3. Misteriosul Omul Negru...................................................................................................................................... 196

Pr. Alexandru Moraru, Mihai Viteazul și Biserica Ortodoxă ......................................................................... 198 1. Sprijinitor al Ortodoxiei Românești.................................................................................................................... 198 2. Susținător și apărător al ortodocșilor din afara hotarelor țării ....................................................................... 200

au fost cercetate acuzațiile privind săvârșirea unor abuzuri de către oficiali ai comitatului Hunedoara ...............203 1. Inițierea procedurii.......................................................................................................................................... 205 2. Componentele investigației și recomandările privind modul de realizare .................................................. 205 3. Rezultatul investigației derulate în comitatul Hunedoara .............................................................................. 207 4. Măsurile dispuse și propunerile înaintate structurilor administrative superioare...................................... 208

Din capitalele imperiilor la curţile domneşti din Principate (1770-1810) ......................................................... 211 1. Metodologia cercetării..................................................................................................................................... 211 2. Ceremonialul de la curțile domnești .................................................................................................................. 213

Ela Cosma, Mărginimea Sibiului și mărginenii - repere geografice, istoriografice și imagologice.................. 221 1. Repere geografice.................................................................................................................................................. 221 2. Repere istoriografice............................................................................................................................................. 222 3. Oierii mărgineni și conservarea specificului românesc ................................................................................... 224 4. Imaginea păstorilor români, mocanii și bârsanii, la Ioan Slavici (1881) ........................................................ 226 5. Imaginea rășinărenilor la Victor Păcală (1915).................................................................................................. 229 6. Imaginea mărginenilor la Ilie Hașieganu (1943, 1976) .................................................................................... 230 7. Repere imagistice mărginene și coexistența contrariilor la superlativ ......................................................... 231

Diploma Imperială inedită din 17 septembrie 1840............................................................................................. 234

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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